wooden foot bridge, and this leads to the town, which is the usual collection of Chinese and Siamese shops where the traveller waiting for his train may bargain for curios.
The city of Bangkok with its about 650,000 inhabitants of all races, nations and languages, is situated on the Menam, about 25 miles upstream. As its development is not hindered by any inconvenient topographical features, such as hills, it has spread, but chiefly on the east bank, over a great area and is still spreading. Its original highways were the klongs or streams and the irrigation canals, and these still seam the city in every direction, and still there lives upon them a considerable floating population in boats and houseboats of every description. The klongs are gradually being filled up and converted into streets and lanes so that their waters may no longer breed mosquitos and cholera and damp. The tendency is, and has been for many years, to provide the city with broad and well-aligned roads, to destroy slums and to insist on hygienic buildings, but a large proportion of the population lives still on the waters of the Menam and of the klongs, and no doubt will continue so to live, since the general drainage of the flat alluvial plain is by the Menam and this river must receive part of it through the town of Bangkok. The process of improvement being as yet incomplete, Bangkok as a city offers startling contrasts. The buildings range from the mat hut with a thatched roof to the Throne Hall with its marble and mosaics, A .nd communications from the narrowest of waterways to the most imposing of avenues, whilst boats, trams, horsed vehicles, bullock and buffalo carts, rickshaws, bicycles, motor cycles, motor boats, motor cars and carts are all used for getting about. The legations, banks and European business quarter generally are along the New Road, a north and south road on the east bank of the Menam. At the north end of the city is the Royal Palace, and the European residential quarter is spreading
Photo. Yalat Nui Studio.
out towards the east. An ordered plan ?s only slowly being evolved, and the size of the city makes it difficult quickly to comprehend its present layout. But this will little affect the sightseeing traveller, who will, before leaving his hotel, have his destinations carefully impressed upon rikishaman or car-dri ver. The city is properly policed, and the traffic orderly and well-managed . It is easy to get about once one realises that all its distances are considerable and that time for covering them must be allowed.
Wat Poh, south of the royal palace, is sometimes known as the wat of the sleeping Buddha, after its colossal recumbent statue in gilded masonry. The main building holds this figure and is opened only on feast days. Of much the same age as the town of Bangkok, this wat is a collection of buildings in whose outer wall is a main entrance. Here the large wooden door, with its four diagonal roses