OUR ISLANDS AND THEIR PEOPLE.
OLD SPANISH FORTIFICATIONS AT MANILA.
Many of the fortifications around Manila were of this class, and of course ineffective against modern guns. The old cannons are fit for nothing but the junk pile
or the antiquariana s shop.
cause a terrible famine, as the people depend almost entirely upon it for food. Sugar is the principal crop for export. The greatest amount exported in any one year was 261,681 tons, which was in 1893. Corn grows very rapidly, and the ears reach their full growth about sixty days from the time of planting. There is a' great amount of valuable timber in these islands, and many varieties of beautiful hardwoods under native names, such as mahogany, black walnut and ebony. Gold, copper, coal, iron, sulphur, lead, building stone, petroleum and guano are found.
There are many different tribes living in these islands, the only ones actively opposing our troops being the Tagalogs. This tribe occupies some eight provinces in the neighborhood of Manila, and their association with Europeans has made them more civilized than other tribes.
We are now seven or eight miles from Porac, where a native force has been stationed for some time; but around here and through this vast valley the people are actively engaged in planting rice. I have been riding around the outskirts of this place, and the fields are dotted with men, women and children, planting rice.
I learn the following about cotton, from reliable sources: The cotton tree is found growing in an uncultivated state in many islands of the archipelago. Long staple cotton was formerly extensively cultivated in the Province of Ilocos Norte, when, many years ago, large quantities of good cotton stuffs were exported. This industry still exists. The cultivation of this staple was, however, discouraged by the local governors, in order to urge the planting of tobacco for the government supplies. It has since
a CASCOA,a OR NATIVE BOAT, FILLED WITH AMERICAN SOLDIERS.
These boats are constructed of very light materials and made with flat bottoms, for the purpose of navigating the small streams that are tributary to the Pasig
River. They are capable of carrying immense loads.
. *c/;. s.x