interior of the tusk, the whole of the exterior being carved to show the images enclosed in a net-work of tracery.
Lacquer Ware.aRough lacquer work is made all over the dry zone, but the best is principally made in Pagan and a few neighbouring villages. The articles manufactured are mostly betel boxes, trays, drinking cups and receptacles for carrying offerings to monks and shrines. They are in various colours, and the lacquer is laid over a foundation of wood, bamboo-wickerwork or horse hair. The work formerly done was far better than that produced now, as far more time was taken over each article and they fetched higher prices. Now-a-days, far more is produced, and as the work is done quicker the quality is not so good. Modern lacquer ware, unlike the old, is not impervious to hot water. The principal colours used are black, red, yellow and green. Much modern work is ornamented with figures describing various legends, and some of this lacquer-ware is very effective. The olden designs were simpler, the most elaborate being those showing the signs of the Zodiac. Most of the lacquer-ware has woven bamboo as a foundation, and on this thit-si, the gum of the Melanorrhoea usitn-tissima is laid. Much of the work is done with the help of a bow-lathe. The patterns are engraved with an iron style. Cinnabar, yellow orpiment and indigo are used to obtain the red, yellow, and green colours used, the black being obtained by the thit-si itself. The polishing is done with powdered charcoal and a powder made from petrified a ingyin a (Pcntacmc Siamensis). Underground cellars are used for causing the lacquer to set.
Iron Work.aThe best work is found in Pyawbwe, where inlaid knife and sword blades are made. Ordinary agricultural adasa (choppers) and axes are made all over the province, and are rough but serviceable. Little really artistic iron work is produced in the province except the a htis a described already.
Brass Work.aBrass bowls, trays, spittoons, cowbells, bazaar weights, mortars and ornaments for harness are made in various parts Af the province, but the work does not reach a high artistic level. The Burman, unlike the native of India, does not use brass utensils 111 his house, and, consequently, the brass Workers have not striven to improve their Product.
Boat Building.aBoats of many kinds are made all over Burma, and range from canoes chig out of a single log to sea-going craft rather like junks. These latter are made
only in Tavoy. The best wood for boat building is undoubtedly athingana (Hopea odorata), while canoes are mainly made from in-wood (Diptcrocarpns tnbcrcnlatus). Some of the best river boats are made at Pakokku, and the sterns of these and the helmsmanas seat are usually richly carved.
Racing boats with very fine lines are found in many of the riverain villages, and are
enclosure. The smaller boats are propelled by paddles, and the larger by oars or by poling. Big rice-boats use sails, the masts being made of two bamboos lashed together at the top. They look like Vikingsa ships when seen in full sail or being rowed by a number of oarsmen.
Pottery.aPottery is made all over the province, as most of the domestic utensils,
cooking pots, and c., are made of earthenware. In a few places, such as Sagaing, Shwebo, Slnvegu, Pegu, Kyanktnyaung, articles of a better class are made, but as regards the greater part of the province most of the articles manufactured are pots and jars for holding water, and c. Pegu 110 longer produces such good pottery as formerly, but the large so-called Pegu jars are still made to some extent in that district.
Mat Weaving.aLarge numbers of mats are woven in various parts of Burma, some of bamboo, and the better kinds from the outer portion of the a thin a rattan (Maranta dicho-toma). The best mats are made at Pantanaw, in Maubin District, Lower Burma. These are called thinbyu and are used all over the province for sleeping upon.
Umbrella Making.aThe best umbrellas areUmbrella Making.a The best umbrellas are