civil cases above the pecuniary limits of Small Cause suits, and with the powers of a Court of Session in criminal cases. In civil cases appeals lay from this Court to the Special Court, consisting of the Recorder of Rangoon and the Judicial Commissioner. By the Act of 1875 the Special Court was constituted the Court which had to confirm death sentences passed by the Recorder of Rangoon. With this exception the Recorder of Rangoon was by this Act given the powers of a High Court under the Criminal Procedure Code in respect
of the magistrates within the local limits of his ordinary civil jurisdiction and the proceedings of such magistrates. The Recorderas Court was also constituted a High Court under the Criminal Procedure Code for the trial of European British subjects, and was also given insolvency and admiralty jurisdiction.
The other Courts were retained under their former nomenclatures with similar jurisdiction to that which they possessed before. And by the Act of 1875 power was given to the Chief
Commissioner to transfer the civil appellate jurisdiction of any Commissioner to the Judicial Commissioner.
By the Act of 1875 the Recorder of Rangoon and the Judicial Commissioner of British Burma were given power to frame rules for the qualifications and admission of proper persons to act as advocates in their respective Courts.
In 1874 Courts were constituted in the hill districts of Arakan for the administration of justice under similar names and with
similar jurisdiction to those existing at that time in the rest of British Burma ; and by subsequent legislation certain laws consisting of Acts of the Legislative Council, passed chiefly since 1850, were made applicable to this district. Where any of these Acts have been superseded by more recent ones, provision has been made for their application to that district.
In the year 1872 the law of evidence and the law of contracts were codified by Sir
James Fitzjames Stephen, who was the legal member of the Viceroyas Council. As regards the former, the Act embodied the English law of evidence, with some differences here and there, due chiefly to the different circumstances and conditions of life and government obtaining in India, and to the circumstances created by previous legislation in some matters. The Contract Act, passed shortly after the Evidence Act, embodied in the form of a code the law relating to contracts, except the law relating to common carriers,
insurance, master and servant, and some other small matters. The law thus codified is in many respectsaperhaps as regards the greater part of itathe same as the English law. The law relating to common carriers is really based on duty and has been finally settled, for India as well as for England, by a decision of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in the case of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company v. Bagwan Dass, which was an appeal from the Court of the Recorder
THE SECRETARIAT, RANGOON.THE SECRETARIAT, RANGOON.