HE Prome district, which comprises an area of 2,915 square miles, is bounded on the north by the Thayetmyo district, on the east by the Pegu Yoma, on the south by the Henzada and Tharrawaddy districts, and on the west by the Arakan Yoma. From north to south the Irrawaddy flows through the district, dividing it into two portions. The vegetation of this area is mainly comprised of deciduous forests, which can be divided into in forests, upper mixed forests, dry forests, and savannah forests. Teak is abundant. The climate is, on the whole, dry, and the temperature has a range of from 60 degrees in January to 100 degrees in June. The rainfall averages about 48 inches, and is regular and well distributed. *
a The Burmese name for Prome,a we quote from the aImperial Gazetteer,a ais Pye, and, according to a tradition the once flourishing kingdom of Prome was founded by a king named Dutabbaung of the Pyu tribe, who, with the Arakanese and other tribes, constituted the Burmese race in the remote past. Early accounts place the foundation of Tharekhettrs, the old capital, the year after the second great Buddhist Council, held in 443 B.C. Of this ancient city only a few embankments and pagodas remain in marshy ground five or six miles from Prome. Later on, we hear of a reigning house founded by one Tepa, which, as there is no record of a subsequent line, probably lasted until the first break up of the kingdom of Prome. There is little of historical value in the ancient Prome
HIGH STREET, PROME.
Township. Area in Number of Population. Population per square mile. Percentage of variation in population between 1891 e 1901. Number of persons able to read and write.
square miles. Towns. Villages.
Prome ...... 9 I 27-375 3,042 - 9 10,654
Paukkaung 694 241 29797 43 a 7 5,205
Hmawza...... 273 447 68,591 251 a13 16,040
Paungde ... 379 I 250 60,604 160 + 7 13.548
Thegon ...... 241 296 60,982 253 + 15 13.533
Shwedaung 300 I 3ii 66,743 222 + 1 16,837
Padang ...... 1,019 216 51.712 51 a 1 11,971
District total ... 2,915 3 1,761 365.804 125 a 1 87,788