Mandalay city alone, and it is thought in many quarters that a large proportion of this expenditure should have been borne by the provincial funds. Unfortunately, within the last four years, the Municipality has been much hampered financially through the regular occurrence of plague. The preventive measures which have been considered necessary, have taken such large sums of money, that the committee have been compelled to ask the local Government for
an up-to-date conservancy system for the whole of the city. The plague has also struck a severe blow at the trade. During the last epidemic, 1908-9, some twenty thousand of the inhabitants of Mandalay fled to Sagaing alone, and altogether, at least a third of its population must have left for other parts of Upper Burma. In time, the panic which now prevails, owing to the belief that the plague returns at stated intervals to those places where it once
was considerable discussion as to the ultimate destination of the relics of Gautama Buddha, that had recently been found near Peshawar on the site of the Emperor Kanishkaas pagoda. It was advocated strongly that Burma, the largest and only purely Buddhist province in the Indian Empire, should have those relics, and it was urged that no more fitting place for them could be found than Mandalaya the last capital of the last line of Buddhist kings, and the religious headquarters of
MAUSOLEUM OF KING MENGDON MIN.
SHRINE OF GAUDAMAaS TOOTH.
grants-in-aid, in order to carry on absolutely necessary works. The Government have provided financial help sufficient to obviate a debit balance in the annual financial statement, but it has been unable to do more. Consequently, at the moment of writing, there seems to be no prospect of carrying out the much needed and long discussed water supply scheme, nor of completing the drainage scheme, nor yet of instituting
has obtained a hold, will subside, and confidence will be restored in the preventive measures taken by the authorities to combat the evil, but that time is not yet. The population of the town which in 1891 was about the same as Rangoon, has been steadily decreasing, and, in the opinion of many residents competent to form a sound judgment, Mandalay is now only at the beginning of its decadence. At the time of writing, there
Buddhism in the Indian Empireathe seat of the Thathanbaing. It was thought that a shrine, enclosing such relics, established in Mandalay, would contribute to restore her prosperity by making the town a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists all over the world.
Religious buildings are scattered over the town, covering with their precincts two square miles. The most important Buddhist shrine is the Payagyi or Arakan Pagoda,Religious buildings are scattered over the town, covering with their precincts two square miles. The most important Buddhist shrine is the Payagyi or Arakan Pagoda,