UILT as it was through the caprice of an Eastern potentate, and occupying a position with few natural advantages, Mandalay has a position which, since the annexation of Upper Burma, has become, as the years have gone by, increasingly precarious. Its history has been
a short and somewhat melancholy one. Before the annexation by Great Britain it could claim consideration as the seat of a barbaric court. Afterwards it flourished for a few years on account of the presence of
large numbers of troops, and because it remained the natural centre for the trade of Upper Burma. But now the military headquarters have been removed and the town has fallen quite away from the beaten track of commerceaa combination of occurrences which has taken all the vitality out of its trade.
Soon after the British had taken formal possession, the military authorities consulted the chief citizens as to the most suitable portion of Fort Dufferin for the location of troops, but their advice was not acted upon,
and the most unhealthy and worst drained district was eventually chosen for the erection of barracks. By the time Lord Kitchener came to Burma, Mandalay had acquired such an evil reputation as a cantonment that the barracks and men were transferred to Maymyo. Now, in place of a full regiment and a battery, the garrison troops
comprise only two companies. But the worst blow to the prosperity of the town came with the completion of the railway. Formerly Mandalay was the halting place for all the Shan traders, and their large camps were often
STREET SCENES, MANDALAY.STREET SCENES, MANDALAY.