URMA is what is known as a Military Division and is at the present time under the command of Lieut.-General Sir Lewis Dening, K.C.B., D.S.O., who has his headquarters at Maymyo. The division is divided into two brigades, one called the Mandalay Brigade, with its headquarters at Maymyo, under the command of Major-General E. S. Hastings, C.B., D.S.O., and the other, the Rangoon Brigade, with its headquarters at Rangoon, commanded by Brigadier-General A. B. Fenton, C.B.
The Mandalay Brigade is distributed between the stati.ons of Maymyo, Mandalay (Fort Dufferin), Meiktila, Shwebo and Bhamo, and consists of the 23rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers, four companies of the Oxon and Bucks Light Infantry, the 1st Battalion Royal Irish Rifles, the 25th and 27th Mountain Batteries, the 89th, 91st, 92nd, and 93rd Indian Infantry Regiments (Punjabis), and the 1st battalion of the 10th Ghurka Rifles, representing, with officers and men, some 2,550 British infantry and 4,100 native infantry.
The Rangoon Brigade is composed of two companies of the Royal Garrison Artillery, the 52nd and the 77th ; seven companies of the Royal Scots Fusiliers, No. 4 company Indian Submarine Mining Corps, six companies of the 9th Bhopal Infantry, and the 90th Punjabis complete. The headquarters company and four other companies of the Oxon and Bucks Light Infantry are at Thayetmyo, and a company of the Royal Scots Fusiliers and two companies of
stations are in the Rangoon command. The strength of the brigade, therefore, is approximately 250 artillery, 1,500 British infantry and 1,700 Indian infantry, making, with the
90 officers, a total of 3,540.
Burma is not a country suited to cavalry work, and of the full number of regular forces only about two hundred are mounted infantry. The Shan States are now entirely under the care of the military police, and
as the province has become gradually more peaceful this less costly service has been able to undertake the work of maintaining order, and the regular troops have been withdrawn, so that the garrison of 10,000 troops maintained at the present day is considerably less than it has been for many years past. All told, however, there are no less than 26,500 men, with more or less
they could be supported in time of need by 3,000 volunteers.
With the exception of the Burma battalions, the 72nd, 89th, 90th, 91st, 92nd and 93rd and the 10th Ghurka Rifles, which were formed immediately after the annexation for service in Burma, the whole of the regular troops are on the Indian establishment, and are interchangeable with the troops at the
various stations in India. It is proposed now to delocalise the Burma battalions also, so that it is probable all the men will soon be on a similar footing in this respect. The usual term of service in Burma is between two and three years.
LIEUT.-COLONEL F. D. MAXWELL, C.I.E.,
the Commissioner of the Irrawaddy District
is the son of a notable Indian officer, for his father was a well-known Major-General of the Bengal Artillery. Lieut.-Colonel Maxwell was educated at Rugby, and then joined the Cheshire Regiment, in which he remained for a year before he was transferred to the Indian Army and came to Burma. Soon afterwards the Third Burmese Wrar broke out, and he was attached to the civil troop and for his services he received the medal and clasp.
SERGEANTS OF THE ROYAL GARRISON ARTILLERY.
the 9th Bhopal Regiment, both of which military training and experience, for the
military police muster I3oA0 strong, andmilitary police muster I3oA 0 strong, and