fort without further casualty though exposed to a deluge of fire at very close range. Captain Morton died in about ten minutes. Surgeon-Major Lloyd took command of the fort, Lieutenant Dent got out of his bed to give assistance, and subsequently, after about two hours hard fighting, the Kachins were driven from their positions by perpetual sorties, which carried them through the jungles.a
The total casualties during these operations were :aCaptain Morton killed on January 6, 1893 ; Mr. Brooke-Meares died of wounds 011 February 20, 1893 ; Lieutenant Master died of wounds on February 6, 1893 ; Lieutenant Dent dangerously wounded on December 12, 1892 ; Lieutenant Cooke-Hurle severely wounded 011 January 31, 1893 ; Captain Atkinson slightly wounded on February 3, 1893 ; native ranks, 32 killed (2 afterwards died), 66 wounded. Of the enemy, 60 dead bodies were found, and 200 were estimated to have been killed.
During the Mohurrum festival in 1893, riots took place in Rangoon between the Hindus and the Mahomedans. The rioters were fired upon by the military police, but not until 180 out of 200 men had been more or less severely wounded by full soda-water bottles, bricks, revolver bullets, and c. Three hundred men of the reserve battalion, half Hindus, half Mahomedans, were drafted into Rangoon to assist, and the work performed by them was exemplified by the words of the two Subadar Majors, Shamsuddin Khan of the reserve battalion and Kishen Sing of the Rangoon battalion, who when told to do their best, and that the good name of the military police was in their hands, replied, a Sahib, when this trouble is over you will have no need to feel ashamed of your military police.a
The spirit prevailing amongst the men themselves was shown in the following occurrence. Shortly before the Magwe battalion proceeded on the Sima column, one of the men was detained by the medical officer, as unfit to proceed on service. He thereupon shot himself, and when his comrades rushed in to see what was the matter, he cried out, before he died, aI have done this as I am no longer fit to serve the Sirkar.a Some changes were effected in Upper Burma in 1894, which, while reducing the total number of men by about 200, allowed for the constitution of a new battalion called the Northern Chin Hills battalion, which was to take the place of the troops in that locality. The enlistment of a company of Panthays for service in the Ruby Mines was sanctioned, but the experiment was not successful. It is difficult to get good Panthays - without
tapping a foreign country, China. There was again some difficulty with the Kachins this year, but they were easily quelled by the police.
Though the force in Upper Burma had been very largely reduced, yet the numbers of British officers had not been reduced ; this was a wise measure in every way, and the sanctioned strength of the officers now stood thus :a
12 Commandants ([ battalion in Upper Burma).
2 Adjutants (Rangoon and Toungoo battalions in Lower Burma).
28 Assistant Commandants (for duty in Upper Burma).
At the close of 1908 the military police
numbered 16,350 officers and men, and the cost of upkeep for the year was Rs. 58,15,998.
The spreading of the police on the frontier demanded a proportionately larger number of officers than when they were more or less massed together in districts, for a frontier post of 250 men requires at least two British officers. As the civil post at Chaungu had been attacked and sacked by dacoits, a party was sent to quell them in 1894, and ammunition and arms belonging to the civil police was recovered as follows :a
Rifles ...... 16 with accoutrements.
Das ...... 11
Ball cartridges... 671 Buck-shot cartridges ... 28 Bayonets ... 2
During this year the Chin tribes came down from the hills to the west and southwest of Thamanthi, and raided the village of Maintung, situated on the Chindwin River, killing eight of the inhabitants of the village. The same gang also went up to Kalatat and killed a friendly Chin at that place. In consequence of the above a line of small posts was thrown out to watch the Chindwin from Homalin to Thamanthi, until an expedition of 250 rifles and 8 native officers, under the command of Lieutenant Domenichetti, advanced against the Aswas and Kaswas, principally the inhabitants of Puja and Somara, close to the Manipur frontier, and subdued them. In 1895 an addition was made to the Lower Burma Military Police of two companies by reduction in Upper Burma. The disarma-
ment of the Tashon Chins was begun at the end of the year. A column of 119 men with one mountain gun, under Captain Whiffen, with Lieutenants Drage and Cobbe, left Falam on December 15 to co-operate with columns from the north and south Lushai hills, against a recalcitrant Lushai chief named Kairuma. The south-eastern escort in the Bhamo district met with some opposition from the Kachins, who were promptly punished.
A column of 300 rifles and two guns, under Major Atkinson, Captain Newbold, Lieutenants Cruddas and Parsons, supported by 200 rifles, under Lieutenants Chesney and Wallis, advanced into the Sana Kachin country in 1896, and, after some slight opposition, effected their object, viz., the punishment of the Sanas
RANGOON POLICE.RANGOON POLICE.