iHE Civil Medical Department under the Government of Burma, is responsible for the advance of Western medical methods amongst the civil population, the medical care of all prisoners in jails and lock-ups, and for the semi-military service known as the Military Police (over
15,000 strong), the Civil Police, and all civil officials under Government, throughout an area of over 236,000 square miles. All members of the service are also liable to the conduct of post mortem examinations, and the giving of evidence in courts for medico-legal purposes, as part of their routine duties. This implies service rendered amongst various races of people, using different languages, and of diverse customs. Thus, the medical officer may find himself at one time treating a polyglot collection of Chinese, Burmese, Tamils, Telugus, Bengalese and Hindustanis in the flat deltas of the southern parts of the province, and at another, he may be required to deal with Kachins, Shans, or Chins, and other more or less incompletely civilised tribes of various races inhabiting mountain ranges towards the frontier of China.
In its superior grades, the Department derives its officers from the Indian Medical Service, and from the Indian Subordinate Medical Service. Both classes of officers are originally enrolled for military service, but they are permitted, after undergoing as juniors periods of military service, to serve in the civil medical departments of various provinces of India. In the event of war, they are liable to recall to military duty. During civil employment, these officers are recognised as civil surgeons. They hold medical charge of districts, whose area corresponds with the jurisdiction of deputy commissioners. Each has charge of all hospitals at their headquarters, as well as, frequently, charge of jails, as superintendents and medical officers. In their function as jail officers, they perform duty under the Inspector-General of Prisons.
They are responsible to the Sanitary Commissioner, with the Government of Burma as health officers of their districts. Under the administration of civil surgeons, there are hospitals and dispensaries in their districts, some of which are supported by Government and others by the funds of local bodies. Certain of the civil surgeoncies are also held by civil assistant surgeons, who are Indians and a few Burmans, holding qualifications of
accommodates 484 inmates), the Chemical Examiner and Bacteriologist to Government, the Police Surgeon and Pathologist, and the Ophthalmic Surgeon, General Hospital, Rangoon. These are members of the Indian Medical Service. The whole department, as thus constituted, is administered by an inspector-general who is a Colonel of the Indian Medical Service, aided by a lay personal assistant and an office staff. His
PART OF THE NEW GENERAL HOSPITAL, RANGOON.
Indian and British Universities. Both in the case of the Indian Subordinate Medical Department and the provincial establishment of Civil Assistant Surgeons, not only are civil surgeoncies held by the members, but, in the junior grades of the establishments, they hold subordinate posts which would correspond to the position of house-surgeons in Great Britain. The specialist officers at present available in the province are the Superintendent of the Lunatic Asylum, Rangoon (which
policy and the funds at his disposal are however subject to the Local Government, with whom he is in direct communication.
It will be thus understood that the Civil Medical Department of Burma, as is the case in other parts of the Indian Empire, is largely military in its constitution ; and that although to meet the amenities of the civil population red-tapeism is at a discount, there remains sufficient of the leaven of its origin to bring about co-ordination and control of the wholeIt will be thus understood that the Civil Medical Department of Burma, as is the case in other parts of the Indian Empire, is largely military in its constitution ; and that although to meet the amenities of the civil population red-tapeism is at a discount, there remains sufficient of the leaven of its origin to bring about co-ordination and control of the whole