Ataran, and South Tenasserim divisions ; in the Northern Circle are the Upper Chindwin, Myittha, Lower Chindwin, Mu, Katha, Bhamo, and Myitkyina divisions ; and in the Southern Circle the divisions are Mandalay, Ruby Mines, Yaw, Minbu, Pyinmana, and the Southern Shan States.
The average yearly amount of teak exported from Burma, and distinct from the coasting trade, for the five years from 1903-4 to 1907-8 amounted to almost 50,000 cubic tons of the average value of Rs. 64,62,685. The United Kingdom is the principal market, and Germany is a large and increasing purchaser. The export figures to the various countries for the past five years, as contained in the Customs Returns, are as follow :a
and property in case of non-payment, led to the British ultimatum of October 22, 1885, and by November 9, a practical refusal of the terms having been received at Rangoon, the occupation of Mandalay and the dethronement of the king were determined upon. In the hostilities that followed, many of the European employes of the company, who were in isolated positions, lost their lives. Upon the conclusion of the war, the companyas concessions were renewed by the British Government, and operations were resumed. There is no doubt that the work of the corporation, in which a large number of natives were employed, did much to restore the country to a condition of quiet, and to counteract the troubles incidental to the war.
and a half lakhs of rupees. The head offices were registered in Bombay, and a branch was established in Rangoon. Since that time large branch offices have been opened at Moulmein, at Bangkok in Siam, and at Sourabaya in Java. The London agents are Messrs. Wallace Bros.
At the present time the Bombay-Burma Trading Corporation, Ltd., are one of the biggest timber companies in the East. They have a fully-paid-up share capital of fifty-two and a half lakhs of rupees, and lease thousands of square miles of forest land from the Government. They hold extensive concessions also in Java and Siam. After the timber is hewn in the various Burmese forest areas, of which the most important are the Chindwin, Shwebo, Pyinmana, and Shweb, it is extracted by means of elephants and buffaloes to floating creeks, whence it is carried to the rivers. Here the logs are formed into rafts and floated down the Irrawaddy and Sittang to the mills at Rangoon. The timber-yards, with the elephants at work carrying and stacking the logs, are one of the sights of the country which tourists are eager to see. A great deal of the wood is disposed of in logs, but the larger part passes through the companyas sawmills at Dunneedaw, Dalla, which can deal with about 80,000 tons a year. Both electric and steam power are used for lifting and cutting the logs. The firm have rough-log depots at Poozoondaung and Ahlone. In the work nearly 2,000 elephants and about 10,000 hands are employed. Thirteen Europeans find occupation in the offices and mills at Rangoon. They are under the direction of Mr. B. J. B. Stephens, who entered the companyas service in 1897, and has been the local manager since 1905. During his absence on leave, Mr. A. J. Anderson, who has served the corporation for the past ten years, is in charge. The up-country manager is Mr. Holberton, who came to Rangoon for the company in
Year. United Kingdom. British Possessions. European Countries. America and other parts of the world.
Cubic tons. Value Rs. Cubic tons. Value Rs. Cubic tons. Value Rs. Cubic tons. | Value Rs.
1903-4 1904-5 1905-6 1906-7 1907-8 51,900 33,'70 38,13A 30,285 27,336 67,79,049 41,21,277 52,37,205 42,80,001 43,22,430 I4o82 8,388 5,430 3*797 | 3410 12,96,493 8,80,098 6,04,083 5,l6,58l 4*32,614 4,690 4,894 5,409 5,042 6,127 6,89,407 7.25.675 7,61,592 7,79.453 9,59,845 481 481 [,462 2,083 699 60,058 82,131 2,14,217 2.96,453 1,14,388
Year. Total Exports. Coasting Trade.
Cubic tons. Value Rs. Cubic tons. Value Rs.
1903-4 1904-5 1905-6 1906-7 1907 -8 71,653 44,933 50,431 41,469 38,342 88,25,067 58.09.811 68.09.811 58,99,668 59,61,062 99,474 91,267 85,749 94,711 114,342 72,40,896 72,93,845 73,57,535 84,13,424 1,02.36,338
Of the teak that is exported to England, some 5,000 or 6,000 tons are annually consigned to the British Admiralty. A portion of this is purchased from the Forest Department of Burma, but there is every likelihood that this will be a decreasing quantity in the future, owing to the plaint of the commercial community that such a proceeding is tantamount to the Government entering into competition with private tradesmen.
At one time a good deal of teak was used in Moulmein for local shipbuilding, but with the advent of steel this trade has disappeared. The wood shipped from Moulmein is much appreciated owing to the denseness of the grain, arising from the fact that the growth is slow on the hard and hilly soil of that part of the province. The generality of timber on the Rangoon side is more a fluffy,a and for this reason, in many contracts, it is expressly stipulated that Moulmein timber must be used.
BOMBAY-BURMA TRADING CORPORATION, LIMITED.
The third Burmese War, which resulted in the annexation of Upper Burma by the British Crown, was caused by the unjust treatment meted out to the Bombay-Burma Trading Corporation and other British traders by King Theebaw. For something like twenty years the Corporation had held forest concessions in Upper Burma, when a dispute arose between them and the king. The imposition of an impossible fine, coupled with the threat of confiscation of all their rights
It was in 1863 that Mr. William Wallace obtained very extensive concessions from the King of Burma. To work these concessions he floated a company in Bombay in the following year with a capital of thirty-seven
1899 and attained to his present position in 1908.
The board of directors is composed of Messrs. H. C. Wright (chairman), Leslie Crawford, R. W. Harter, H. R. Dunk,
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THE STRAND ROAD PREMISES OF THE BOMBAY-BURMA TRADING CORPORATION, LIMITED.THE STRAND ROAD PREMISES OF THE BOMBAY-BURMA TRADING CORPORATION, LIMITED.