mill manager is at constant pains to develop the by-products of his mill and to diminish the firewood pile. The motive power in all cases is furnished by steam, the generation of which is quite inexpensive, as the sawdust and small refuse of the mill provide an ample supply of fuel for the furnaces. The sawing machinery of a teak mill requires to be of a very strong and solid construction to withstand the rough usage of native labour, as well as the coarse and gritty character of the rough material. The sawyers employed are generally Burmese, whilst the coolies are obtained from almost every Indian race, but more particularly from Southern India and Bengal.
into a square shape, and the object of the sawyer is to show the least possible a waste a or loss of measurement. Once the log is squared it is ready for the market, excepting that immediately prior to being shipped its rough ends, which have purposely been left on as a natural protection against weather defects, are sawn or battered off so as to present a fresh, clean appearance, the reciprocating cross-cut saw being generally used for this purpose. In the conversion of planks care is taken to saw them clear of heart wood, which explains to a large extent the much higher cost per ton of first-class planks compared with squares. In the early days of teak conversion in Rangoon and
The Forest Department themselves extract a large amount of timber, which is periodically brought to the Government depots, and disposed of by auction. The profits realised by the department cover a good deal of the cost of forest administration.
The total outturn of teak from Burma during the year 1907-8, aggregated 11,424,988 cubic feet. The outturn from the reserved and unclassed forests in the various circles may be seen from the table below. The Pegu Circle includes the Thayetmyo, Prome, Zigon, Tharrawaddy, Rangoon, Pegu, Bassein, My-aungmya, and Henzada, Ma-ubien divisions; the Tenasserim Circle comprises the Toungoo, Shwegyin, West Salween, Thaungyin,
Roughly speaking, teak logs fall naturally into two categories, sound and unsound. The former are squared into logs for sale in bulk, and the latter are cut down into smaller conversions. It is characteristic of teak that an opinion founded on the external quality of the rough material is frequently upset by unsuspected internal faults being laid bare by the saw, and the eccentricities of the a heart,a which is seldom straight and very seldom sound, are a constant difficulty in the way of its economical conversion. The process of squaring is, as its name implies, merely the sawing of a round log
Moulmein before the saw-mills were erecteda and some of these have been in existence considerably over fifty yearsathe logs were treated in saw-pits. In fact one of the Moulmein yards now belonging to Messrs. Foucar e Co., Ltd., is still known amongst the Burmese as the a Forty Pits Yard.a
The capital employed in the Burma teak trade is considerable. At a moderate estimate it amounts probably to about four crores of rupees. Those engaged in it require to have long purses, as it is not a trade with a quick return. The capital is often a locked up,a not for months only, but for years.
Circle. Timber in the rough logs. Timber in the rough poles, j Sawn or squared timber.
Cubic feet. Cubic feet. Cubic ft.
Pegu 1.755.227 67,928 1,094
Tenasserim 2,152,787 64 a
Northern 3,832,755 1,005 82,731
Southern 3,521,998 255 | 9J44
Total for Burma 11,262,767 69,252 92,969Total for Burma 11,262,767 69,252 92,969