accommodation. The inland vesselsathe most important factor in the trade of Rangoon awere confined to three very small jetties of antiquated style at the end of China Street. One of the first schemes to which consideration was given, following the appointment of Mr. Buchanan, was the provision of increased wharfage accommodation for the seaborne and river trade. That scheme, now approaching completion, and at a cost of 104 lakhs of rupees, included doubling the accommodation of Latter Street and Sule Pagoda wharves, and equipping them with hydraulic cranes, adding some 300,000 square feet to the shedding accommodation, and removing the riverborne traffic to the Lammadann quarter
of Rangoon, where several large floating pontoons have been provided and a range of sheds has been built.
As a result of six yearsa work, the quayage for the seaborne trade had increased to 3,415 feet, and the shed accommodation to 300,000 square feet.
The completion of this extension in 1907 was followed by other and more elaborate schemes which are destined to play an important part in the future progress and prosperity of the port. But before dealing with these mention should be made of the great ceremony in the end of 1907, which marked
the opening of the new wharf extension. It was performed by His Excellency Lord Minto, Viceroy and Governor-General of India.
Training the River.aThe greatest scheme ever undertaken at the port, however, was that for the training of the river in order to render secure safe approaches to the port. For many years the river immediately above Rangoon had been eroding its right bank to such an extent as to divert the deep water channel to this side of the stream and imperil the approach to the wharves below. In 1903 Mr. Buchanan, the chief engineer, submitted a report on the subject, in which he proposed a vast river training scheme.
This included the erection of a wall of masonry 2\ miles long in depths of water ranging from 10 to 70 feet below low water and extending from Moweras Point to Dar-woodas Mills. With a five-knot tide running on both flood and ebb it was thereby hoped to restore the river to the channel it occupied in the year 1824.
The magnitude of the scheme caused much deliberation, and further expert opinion was obtained. The firm of Messrs. P. W. and
C. S. Meik were called in to report, and ultimately Mr. Buchanan submitted a complete scheme worked out in collaboration
with Messrs. Meik. This scheme was referred to Government, and made the subject of report of various committees, and was again reported on by Messrs. Meik and by Dr. Corthell, the famous American expert. Ultimately it has, with small modifications, been accepted by the Government of India, and work is to commence at once.
Briefly the works, which are estimated to cost ^800,000, will be carried out as follows :a
(1) A cut will be made through the shoal above Rangoon, and for this purpose one of the largest suction pump dredgers in the world has been specially built by Messrs. Simons e Co., under the supervision of Messrs. Meik, and is now at work.
(2) Simultaneously with the dredging operations, a training wall 2\ miles long will be built in the following manner :a
() Timber dolphins 250 feet apart will be erected along the line and lighted at night.
() Fascine mattresses will be laid along the whole length of wall and for a width of 210 feet. Each mattress will be 125 feet long and feet thick loaded with granite stone and sunk in position and covered with a five feet layer of granite. The wall will then be built by tipping granite rubble on
VIEW OF RANGOON RIVER SHOWING THE LINE OF THE NEW RIVER TRAINING WALL.
The Site of the Wall is Marked by Decorated Boats.The Site of the Wall is Marked by Decorated Boats.