account of pressure of other business, but although his tenure of the office was not of long duration, he was able to boast of being one of the few men who has refused a kingas giftaa gold cupawhich was offered him in recognition of an article from his pen, counselling moderation and a pacific settlement of the dispute, on account of which Sir Douglas Forsyth was then 011 his way as a special envoy to the Court of Burma.
In Burma, as in many other new countries, journalism has had a good deal of officialism to contend against, and one editor of the
The Rangoon Times is the oldest established journal in Rangoon, for it was founded by Mr. Thomas Godfrey shortly after the close of the second Burmese war in 1856. At that time, the European and Eurasian population hardly numbered a hundred all told, and the Burmese had no knowledge of English. So that the prospects of a large return for the money invested in the enterprise were not very promising. Mr. Godfrey soon realised this. The paper did not prosper under his direction and in course of time it was acquired by Mr. Curran,
management for the publication of a well-informed series of articles on the revenue system of Burma. These attracted the attention of Sir Arthur Phayre and did much to establish the reputation of the Rangoon Times as a journal in which sound views were expounded.
During 1868, the paper was published three times a week. The following year it passed into the hands of Mr. S. J. Seth, whose property it remained until 1885, and under his direction it was turned into a a daily.a The next proprietor was Mr. William OaBrien. He installed electricity for the working of the machinery, and under his guidance the
A\ a :iC. RH X'Za1"
COPIES OF FBONT SHEETS OF NEWSPAPERS PUBLISHED IN BURMA.
Moulmein Chronicle was imprisoned for nearly a month for his criticism of some official act. On the whole, however, Burma journalism has not any very exciting history. As civilisation and commerce have advanced, newspapers have grown up and taken a very necessary place in the life of the community, and at the present day one or more journals are published regularly in Rangoon, Moulmein, Mandalay, Bassein, and Akyab. In the first-named city, the large Chinese community support a daily paper published ln their own language.
an Irish barrister, who, like his more famous namesake, enjoyed a considerable reputation for a caustic wit which, however, was little appreciated by those against whom his shafts were levelled. Subsequently, for a few years the paper was owned by an advocate named Newton, and afterwards it came into the hands of Dr. Dawson, an apothecary. Unlike his predecessors, Dr. Dawson determined to follow a the line of least resistance,a and upon every possible occasion he displayed a decided disposition to flatter the authorities. He also arranged in the early days of his
paper and press attained to an unprecedented measure of prosperity and popularity, and won for themselves an assured position in the province. During Mr. OaBrienas time, and since, the Rangoon limes has been conducted as an independent journal upholding the public interests. After his death in 1906 the property descended to his two sons, Messrs. Reginald and Morrice OaBrien, and since their deaths the enterprise has been conducted by Mrs. Morrice OaBrien, on her own behalf and on behalf of her son, Mr. William George OaBrien, who is a minor.
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