was built by Kyanzittha in 1090 a.d., that is, a little later than the Normam conquest of England. It contains stone sculptures of exquisite workmanship, representing scenes in Gautama Buddhaas life, and terra-cotta tiles representing scenes in the previous existences of the Buddha. It enshrines the images of the four Buddhas of the present world-cycle, and also a statue of Kyanzittha, its founder. Its plan, which is in the form of a Greek cross, and its architecture, which recalls the days of Jainism, are unique. The
holy relics. The building is thus a combination of a stupa and vihiira, and is a deviation from modern structures.
Mandalay.aMandalay was the last capital of Burma. It was founded in 1857, during the throes of the Indian Mutiny, and was occupied by Mengdon Min two years later. Burin.ese kings followed the Tartar custom of changing their capitals whenever blood had been shed, or the succession to the throne had been accomplished by other than peaceful means.
light, have been handed down for long generations; and, for all we know, these might have formed the chief features of the palaces of Asoka and his successors, of which we have but a faint glimpse in the records of the early Greek writers.
The illustrations accompanying this article show specimens of architecture found at Mandalay. The first is the Paduinasana or Lily Throne in the Burmese Kingas palace, which was built in 1859. It may be compared with the throne of the Mogul emperors at
BUDDHA IN THE SHWE DAGON PAGODA, RANGOON.
FIGURE OF THE
term a Thatbyinnvu a signifies a Omniscience,a which is one of the attributes of the Buddha.
The pagoda was built by King Alaungsithu *n 1144 a.d., after the model of temples in Northern India. It has five storeys : the first and second were used as the residence Af monks ; images were kept on the third ; the fourth was used as a library; and on *he fifth was constructed a pagoda containing
Mandalay is the centre of wooden architecture, and wood lends itself to the quaint artistic genius of the Burmese people. The palace buildings and the monasteries are fine specimens of an art which is rapidly passing away. The tall, pyramidal spires, the multiple roofs, the flamboyant ornaments, the brilliant mosaic work, and above all, the rich gilding, which Hashes gorgeously in the sun-
Agra and Delhi. The second is the Golden Monastery of Supaya-lat, Thebawas favourite queen, now residing at Ratnagiri. It had scarcely been completed in 1885, when Upper Burma was conquered by the British, so a melancholy interest attaches to it in that it is the last religious building erected by a queen of the Burmese race. The image of the Buddha in regal dress reproduced isAgra and Delhi. The second is the Golden Monastery of Supaya-lat, Thebawa s favourite queen, now residing at Ratnagiri. It had scarcely been completed in 1885, when Upper Burma was conquered by the British, so a melancholy interest attaches to it in that it is the last religious building erected by a queen of the Burmese race. The image of the Buddha in regal dress reproduced is