360 NATURAL RELIGION AND FOLK-LORE part III
the existence of a supreme being, whom they call by the Malay name aTuhan Allah,a the Lord God. Many of those in Johor also admit their belief in a punishment for sin. With some of them it is only a general admission, and they have no idea by what means it is to be executed; but some few others declare openly that sinners will be thrown after death into the fire of hell, though even these do not know of any reward for good men and good works. Those of the Menangkabau States, probably on account of their more frequent communications with the Malays, have more knowledge of religion, some of them speaking of God as the creator of everything, of Adam as the first man, of Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon, though very confusedly, and there was not to be found amongst them any real knowledge either of Christ or the Christian religion.1 The more learned of them are called magicians or a Pawang,a and those of Malacca are the most ignorant of religion. They do not worship the sun or the moon or any idols.
Spirits and Demons.
In demons (or aHantua) the Jakun devoutly believe, but unfortunately little or nothing has been collected on the subject. Herveyas account of the Jakun belief concerning the aHantu Semambua is however, I think, worth quoting here. a The noise,a he says, a that a certain species (of cicada) makes is almost unearthly and quite disagreeable. There is only one other sound in the jungle at night - time which, though otherwise different, resembles it in this peculiar way a it is that made by the aHantu
1 Favre in J. /. A. vol. ii. p. 249* Abraham, Moses, David, and Solomon are known to all good Moslems.1 Favre in J. /. A. vol. ii. p. 249* Abraham, Moses, David, and Solomon are known to all good Moslems.