248 NA TURAL RELIGION AND FOLK-LORE part iXI
hundred souls, but within the last year twenty-four had died of small-pox. Dr. Lueringas informant added :a.
aWe believe in a kramats a or sacred places, at which we worship like the Malays, burning incense (a kemenyian a). We learnt this from our ancestors. Of course, some of these sacred places belong to Malay spirits (a Nyania gopa). In case of sickness we make vows there (a berkaul a). We have no other word for making a vow.
a These spirits have sometimes been seen : Malay spirits look like Malays, others look like ourselves. There is a sacred spot on Gunong Banglang,1 near the steep rock-wall there. I have never seen it, but our people go there to make vows. Another is on Gunong Renduwai, where the Kalang Balok was killed. Of course there are many more, and some are very powerful, but there is no. name for them except that of the place where they dwell.a
According to Vaughan-Stevens (in his account of the a tuang-tuang a ceremony), the term a physic a is somewhat misleading, for it is only in very few cases that the magicians act to any extent as physicians. They are really magicians pure and simple, the corresponding profession in the case of the southern tribes being rather that of medicine - man (or a Poyang a). As the latter, however, has not been formally initiated into the mysteries of the magicians, as preserved by the wilder tribes of the jungle, a new profession has arisen there, viz. that of healing diseases with infusions of herbs applied inwardly.
The ancient demon- or devil - man is something quite different. Through the magic power bequeathed to him by his ancestors, he exorcises all kinds of
1 Or a Balang a (Malay), south-east of Batu Pipis.1 Or a Balang a (Malay), south-east of Batu Pipis.