NEGRITOS OF PERAK
and the mistletoe, and tried to destroy the latter. The snake took the part of the tiger. But the rhinoceros-bird seized the snake by the nape of the neck and flew away with it. Then came Pie, and the bird beginning to speak, the snake fell to the ground and Pie put his foot upon its head and ordered the bird to drive away the tiger. The broad hood of the snake was produced by Pieas treading upon it, and the marks in its neck came from the birdas beak. Hence the rhinoceros-bird now kills the snake when he sees it, and makes a great noise when he sees a tiger, to drive it away. That is why the feathers of the rhinoceros-bird are used for tiger-arrows (as charms) and for those only.1
Vaughan-Stevens states that the dead bodies of tigers (as well as of poisonous snakes) were sometimes ceremonially treated on animistic principles. The Pangan of Kelantan, according to his statement, would formerly deposit a charred stick either upon the body or before the jaws (of a dead tiger or snake), and in the case of a tiger the stripes would even be touched with charcoal in several places. This was to prevent their souls from going near the Semang on their way to their own place.2 On' the other hand, tigers were sometimes said to show themselves (with snakes, etc.) to souls in Belet in order to frighten them for their wickedness. And yet other accounts declare their souls to be admitted even to Paradise, when however they are believed to change their habits and become graminivorous, or in some other way to be prevented from attacking their natural prey.
From what I myself heard, I may relate that, according to the Semang, if forest leeches (Sem. a lawai a), such as are abundant in the jungle, are picked off from the person and burnt in the fire outside the shelter, tigers will be sure to scent the burning of the blood and will hasten to the spot.
Another certain way of provoking the aggressiveness of the tiger-folk is to follow after any member of the tribe who has started on a shooting expedition in the jungle with his blowpipe, no matter whether with the object of accompanying or of recalling him.
The coconut monkey is the subject of more than one tradition. It is a gigantic coconut monkey, for instance, that is one of the guardians of Paradise, and it is a coconut monkey too that is represented as offering advice to the parents of the race.
1 Vaughan-Stevens, iii. 134.
2 Ibid. p. 132.2 Ibid. p. 132.