222 NATURAL RELIGION AND FOLK-LORE part In
where the stick-insect is called by the curious name of aelephantas fish - poison, a1 the east coast Malays firmly believing that if an elephant accidentally swallows a stick-insect with any leaves that he may be eating, he will die as certainly as if he had eaten the well-known fish-poison called a tuba.a
On one occasion when I was travelling by elephant in Kedah my mahout referred to this story, and in order to test it I got him to give the elephant some wild ginger leaves (of which the elephants are fond) on which a stick-insect was sitting. The elephant looked them over, and seeing the stick-insect, promptly tossed the leaves aside.
The story of the breach between the elephant and the pangolin or manis is told as follows :a
The elephant once attacked some Semang sleeping in the jungle, who called to Pie for help. Pie turned himself into a manis,2 and meeting a pair of young elephants, rolled himself up and was kicked out of the way by the male. The female called to the male to follow, but the male replied, a Wait till I have killed this thing.a a What thing is that ? a replied the female. aA live stone,a said the male. aSwine,a said the female, astones are never alive, bring the thing here.a aI am afraid to do so,a said the male. aSwine!a cried the female, and the male, losing his temper, seized the manis with his trunk to fling it at his wifeas head. But Pie rolled himself up and fastened on to his trunk, and the elephant trying to shake him off, and failing, trod upon it, so that the scales ran into his foot, Pie meanwhile shouting a Kro-o-o-ok.a The elephant recognising Pieas voice, asked and received mercy, but the elephant since that day has a finger at the end of his trunk, and fears the cry of the manis and always holds up his trunk when he meets anything likely to hurt him.
The inland Malays say the elephant cannot endure the manis, and are hard to ride when they hear it, and Semang elephant-hunters drive him by imitating the cry of the same animal.3
The tiger (like the elephant) has many names, and is one of the more important animals into which the souls of dead chiefs are supposed by the Semang to migrate after death.
Tigers and snakes had always been good friends, and when Pie once drove off a tiger which was attacking a man, the tiger henceforth became the enemy of Pie
1 Mai. atuba gajaha or elephantas 3 V.*St. iii. 138; cp. p. 293, infra. tuba (atuba" = Derris elliptica). Vaughan-Stevensa editor compares the
2 Mai. a tenggiling. a Kakkata Jataka, B. iii. pp. vi. vii.2 Mai. a tenggiling. a Kakkata Jataka, B. iii. pp. vi. vii.