NEGRITOS OF PERAK
lasted some years, and Malays from the Nicobars came over to assist the Semang, among the latter being Megat Terawis (a Meccah Traves,a sic/), who had brought with him a wonderful gun, on the bullets of which he wrote his name. Salam Balik being wounded by one of those, agreed to make peace, and gave his daughter to Megat Terawis in marriage. In course of time Megat Terawis obtained a daughter, and Mouse-deer Hill having married again and obtained a son, the two children were wedded, and their offspring became the royal family of Perak.1
Legends and Beliefs about Animals.
The elephant, as being one of the largest and most important of the animals, is naturally one into which the souls of chiefs are believed to migrate after death, and has euphemistic and propitiatory names by which it is known to the Semang and other wild tribesmen. The following story in explanation of the strained relations now supposed to exist between the elephant and the stick-insect and the tapir is told by the Semang:a
The elephant originally had no trunk and instead four big teeth, and greatly harassed the Semang by stealing the fruit out of their back-baskets or dossiers, even turning up the flowers that Pie had planted. The Semang therefore begged Pie to help them, and he turned himself into a stick-insect and perched on a twig, and when the elephant came to feed on the fruit of the tree on which he sat, he knocked the elephantas lower teeth out and caught him by the nose. At this the elephant naturally drew back, so that his nose got stretched and became a trunk. The elephant, however, then begged for mercy, so he was allowed to go, but was obliged to keep his trunk by way of a reminder.
The elephant next met the tapir, who could not refrain from expressing his surprise at seeing the elephantas altered features, whereat the latter tried to bite him as if he still had his teeth, and would have done so but that the tapir slipped behind a rock. The elephant caught at the rock and used his tusks like a boar, but the tapir said that he would have nothing to do with a apig.a At this the elephant stretched out his trunk, caught the tapir by the nose, flung him down on the ground, and said if he met him again on the hills he would tear his head off. Since then the tapir has stayed by the river-side, avoiding the elephant that lives in the hills. And the elephant has a long trunk, and curved teeth in the upper jaw only, and he gets angry whenever he is called a apiga ; and strikes every branch that he eats either against a tree or his own foot, in order to drive away any chance stick-insect that may have settled on it. If he fails in doing so and eats the stick-insect, he goes mad at once and goes to search for the tapir.2
This story is on the lines of local Malay stories in some parts of Kedah and also on the east coast,
1 De Morgan, i. 59-61.
2 Vaughan-Stevens, iii. 137.2 Vaughan-Stevens, iii. 137.