SAKAI OF PERAK
made of small pieces of wood or pith stuck on to the bamboo under the strings of their guitars, but not touching them until pressed down by the fingers.
Of wind instruments the Sakai use various forms of flute,1 which are similar to those manufactured by the Semang. Hale mentions their use of a along bamboo flute with three holesa in it, as well as a species of bamboo whistle.
Mr. L. Wray writes me, that the nose-flute in Ulu Batang Padang is about 18 in. (45 cm.) long, and has four holes, the first being 9 in. (23 cm.) from the blowing end, and the other holes at distances of two fingersa width from each other. The holes are made by taking a small dry stick, lighting one end in the fire, and then blowing out the flame and applying the glowing charcoal point to the bamboo, blowing with the mouth meanwhile to keep it alight. Mr. Wray had never seen more than one flute used at a time. If two are used, they must, he thinks, be of different construction, as those he had seen had to be held so that the wind from the nostril passed almost at right angles to the length of the flute.
Whistles are rare, but what are usually called by this name by most writers, are in reality short flutes. They have one end closed by the node of the bamboo, except a small hole in the centre, the other end being open. They are played with the mouth like a flute. The palm of one hand is held over the open end, and the thumb of the left hand over the small hole in the other end. They thus give three notes. The hole blown through is not circular, but shaped like that of a whistle.
* De Morgan, viii. 281 ; L' II. ii. tells me that the Sakai often plug one 619; Hale, p. 298. Mr. Cerruti nostril with grass.* De Morgan, viii. 281 ; L' II. ii. tells me that the Sakai often plug one 619; Hale, p. 298. Mr. Cerruti nostril with grass.