NEGRITOS OF KEDAH
which is by no means unmusical. In order to increase the volume of sound the body of the instrument is generally held between the teeth of the performer, or else over the hollow of the bamboo case in which it is sometimes kept.
The string by which the instrument is attached to the handle is generally of twisted vegetable fibre, and the handle itself the rib of a small monkey. In all other respects, however, it is very similar to the Jewsa-harp of the Peninsular Malays.
The flutes used by the Semang of Kedah are of two kinds, the common bamboo mouth-flute and the nose-flute. Both are occasionally though rarely used to accompany their songs.
The common flute is usually about a foot long and is made of a segment of young bamboo. It usually has three holes, apart from the mouth-hole, and is often decorated with incised patterns.
The nose-flute, which has a similar number of holes, was about twice the length of the common flute used by the same tribe. There does not appear to be any record of the plugging of one of the performeras aastrils with grass or leaves (as is done by other races who use this instrument), but my impression is that I saw this done by a member of this tribe. The practice certainly obtains among the Sakai, though as when a pair of nose-flutes is played both nostrils may be used simultaneously, there should not be any special necessity for plugging the unused nostril when a single flute is used.
The stringed bamboo or a guitar a is occasionally found among the Semang (in fact I myself obtained a specimen from the Semang of Kedah), but it appears to be very rarely used by them, and is probably not aThe stringed bamboo or a guitar a is occasionally found among the Semang (in fact I myself obtained a specimen from the Semang of Kedah), but it appears to be very rarely used by them, and is probably not a