106. a Hak-kara (a hukkar a ). Incomplete, p. 155.
107. a Kenabil.a Complete, p. 155.
108. a Kaltu a (a kaltoo a ). Complete, p. 155.
109. a Pig-pau a (a pig pow a ). Complete, p. 156.
no. a Tig-ja.a Complete, p. 156.
in. a Puk-puga (a pook pooga ). Incomplete, p. 156.
112. a Ong.a Sideways complete, p. 156.
113. a Yap,a or a yop a ? (a earp a ). Complete, except for the middle part* p. 156.
114. a Gihara ? (a ge hara ). Complete up to space 2. P. 156.
115. a Wor,a or a wlia (a wor a ). Complete, p. 156.
116. a Ham-mlnga (a hum meenga ). Complete, p. 156.
117. a Senai tA plsa (a seni tepeesa ). Complete, p. 156.
118. a Pap-lif.a Complete, p. 156.
119. a Las,a a or a les a ? (a las a ). Incomplete, p. 156.
120. a Nes-osa (a ness osa ). Complete, p. 156.
121. a Ta-saia (a tassaia ). Complete, p. 156.
122 a Ni-chip-pipa (a nee-chip peepa ). Complete, p. 156.
123. a Chu-huta (a choo hoota ). Sideways complete, p. 156.
124. a Pichesa (a pichessa ). Incomplete, p. 156.
125. a Betungkinga (a betoonking a ). Complete, p. 156.
126. a Iyora ? (a eeora ). Charm against disease of the ear. Complete p. 156.
127. a Tet-pera (a tet-pur a ). Charm against disease of the nose (cf. 126). Complete, p. 156.
128. a Ing-heng a ? (a ing hanga ). Sideways complete, p. 156.
[N.B.a In Globus lxxv., Nos. 22, 23, and also in Z. f E. xxxi. etc., will bA found papers commenting on the foregoing lists of patterns, but as to a extent they are written under the influence of the untenable flower-theory, most valuable part consists in their frank criticism of the weak spots in tup theory itself. Another point is that the classification of the patterns is greatl; over-elaborated, and that the essential irregularity of the patterns themselves15 frequently disregarded. The first and most important task is to find out meaning of the Semang names, and it is to this alone that we may look to gr results of permanent value.a W.S.]
Critical Summary of Paper by Dr. Preuss in Z./. E. xxxi. iSo*
This paper of Dr. Preuss commences with a discussion of the emblems sj^ by Vaughan-Stevens to be employed for representing various parts of the as to which we have to remark that very few indeed of them appear to actually used in patterns from the names of which the seat of the disease cao localised, and further that, as is indeed quite rightly pointed out by Dr. PrelL himself, many of these special emblems do not occur in any form in any patterns at all; and that, in addition to these difficulties, many of the variati0 in the patterns are absolutely and entirely without significance.
A glaring instance of an entirely unacceptable explanation given by Vaugb*^ Stevens is that the cross-lines of the a tin-wega (comb pattern) represent ^ot^i paths, a probably because it is from these paths that a particular disease is spr. over the Peninsula a a a statement which, apart from its own grotesquely j fetched character, directly conflicts with Vaughan-Stevensa own explanation ,, similar cross-lines in another place, viz. that they represent a a larger swell*A * or a hill.a We are further asked by Vaughan-Stevens to believe (1) that flowers and other objects though bearing quite different names, are neverthel as a rule, identical; (2) that the very same (or quite similar) flowers area a a rulea not identical. Whence it follows, as the result of (1), and (2) that speC signs or marks had to be introduced to distinguish the latter.