The following description of the Peruvian blowpipe referred to is taken froi^ the second volume of Reiss and StubePs monumental work, Kultur Industrie Sud-Amerikanischer Volker.
It was brought from the Huallaga River (Peru), and consists of two groove^ and hollowed-out halves of a palm-stem, carefully fitted together, and wom*A | round with a 5ipo,a which is covered besides with a layer of black wax. A short bone mouthpiece is fitted into it.
The quiver consists of a bamboo arrow-receptacle with a gourd-shell bottom and a lining of dried palm-leaves in which the small blowpipe arrows are firml* stuck.
It has a cap-shaped covering, a gourd-like receptacle containing cotton-wool and the half-jaw of a fish called a pana,a set with sharp teeth. *
The arrows measure 24.5 cm. in length, and are made out of palm-leaf ribs.
Page 332. Benua Dart Poison.1
Ingredients of Poison. Identification. Part used.
1. a Ipoha Antiaris toxicaria Bark
2. a Babutaa Exccecaria agallocha, L., or Cerbera odollam, L. and C. Lactaria, Ham. (Apocynacetz), Ridl. Sap
3. a Gurah a Sapium indicum, L., or Eranthemum malva-cense, Clarke Sap
4. Non - vegetable (1) Centipede heads ; (2)
substances millipedes ; (3) the stings of scorpions; (4) spines of fish, e.g., the a sembilang,a a kitang,a a lepu,a a siong,a a pari,a a tg-tuka,a a ka li a ; (5) liver of the a buntala fish2
Page 420 et seqq. Semang Comb Patterns.
[Note by Editor.a The following list was compiled from Vaughan-Stevens* manuscripts and printed in Z.f. E xxv. 86 et seq.
In the present version the original list has been condensed as far as possible 5 Vaughan-Stevens* faulty system of nomenclature has been eliminated, and the actual numbers of the panels themselves substituted; the result being that the description of the patterns is now much easier to follow.
The numbering is that of the original, but obvious corrections have bees made in a few places; and all less important details omitted to save space.a W. S.]
1 V.-St. ii. 107 et seq. black cobra, and a small brown snake
2 Various kinds of snake-poison are called a Aii.a The E. Benua add that added by the W. Benua, e.g. that of the of the a ular berang a and a gala.a