REMINISCENCES OF INDIA
of water, or camphor and ammonia with cayenne pepper. If liquor arsenicalis is procurable or at hand, give I drachm with ten drops of tincture of opium, a tablespoonful of lemon-juice in sufficient peppermint, or strong brandy-and-water to fill a wineglass, and repeat this every half-hour until improvement takes place, when a purgative should be administered, the wound well fomented with warm water, and a poultice of mashed boiled carrots and onions applied to the part. A bottle of madeira may be taken in draughts at a few minutes' interval, or any equally large dose of spirituous and fermented liquor. Keep the patient walking about, and do not allow him to lie down to sleep. Should the wound exhibit numerous punctures in two parallel lines, it may be considered that the snake was harmless ; but when there are only two small punctures, they have been inflicted most probably by a poisonous one.
Note.aPoisonous snakes have conical, tubular fangs, but only one row of teeth on each side of the upper jaw, whilst the harmless tribe have two. Also, in the former, the scales decrease in size as they approach the head, while the reverse is the case in the latter.
Cure for the Sting of a Scorpion or the Bite of a Centipede.
Apply a ligature above the part, if possible, making a strong pressure over it with a watchkey, or cut down on the spot and apply lime-juice and salt, or a warm poultice of ipecacuanha-powder, or the root of a thistle ground and rubbed into a paste and smeared over the wound, or lint dipped in hartshorn or eau-de-luce. If the pain continues, a glass of brandy taken occasionally will relieve it. A remedy lately recommended is to drop a little pounded burnt alum into the eye.
To allay the itching in the first instance, wet the part either with eau-de-Cologne, sal volatile, lime-juice, salt and water, or a solution of opium and water ; but if ulceration has taken place, a poultice may be necessary, or keep theTo allay the itching in the first instance, wet the part either with eau-de-Cologne, sal volatile, lime-juice, salt and water, or a solution of opium and water ; but if ulceration has taken place, a poultice may be necessary, or keep the