William and Robert Chambers,
Text on page A-89
EAST INDIA COMPANY.
Finally, A vastly higher state of piety at home must he realised.
On this copious and most important theme, I must now confine myself to a few sentences. But I pass it by with the more content, because it is a subject on which others can write as well as one who has travelled, and which is often calling forth able works. I think it has been proved that the measure of missionary success is equal to the amount and kind of effort employed. But all must agree that had the whole movement been more apostolic, there would be seen much more fruit. Want of piety makes missionaries less successful, just as it does other ministers. Were they absorbingly interested in their work, and highly qualified for it, by large measures of the spirit of Christ, they would seldomer fall into the subordinate and less self-denying departments of labour, and would prosecute their proper work, not only with more commensurate zeal and skill, but with a greater blessing.
How shall such missionaries be expected from a religious community pervaded by love of ease, elegance, and gain ? They come forth from the mass, and resemble the mass. Streams rise no higher than their sources. In vain we harangue departing missionaries upon the necessity of a holy weanedness from the world, and contempt of ease, if we have no more ourselves. These are not the fruits of mere volition or sudden effort. They are the result of circumstances and self-training, through the steady agency of the Spirit. None but extraordinary persons rise above the level of their times, and we cannot expect every missionary, and missionary's wife, and printer, and school-teacher, to be an extraordinary person, wholly in advance of the churches. They are, moreover, sent out too young to have made very great Christian attainments, even if they are extraordinary persons. The ordinary state of the church must be made right, and then ordinary persons will have right views, aims, and qualities, and missionaries will possess proper qualifications, and bear abroad a proper spirit.
Every professed Christian, therefore, may aid the cause of missions by promoting a return to apostolic simplicity and singleness of heart among all Christians. This would not only furnish the right kind of missionaries, but the right number, and the proper support. When every believer shall habitually pray not only for a blessing on the work at large, but for a clear perception of his own duty in the matter, and shall cherish the spirit of entire self-dedication, we shall have abundant means and proper men.
POLITICAL RELATIONS OP THE EAST INDIA COMPANY.*
J. Foreign.aPersia, Cabul, Senna, Arabs, Siam, Aeheen.
2. External, or Frontier.aBurmah, Nepaul, Lahore, Seindia.
3. Intel-rial, or those which have relinquished political relations with one another, and with all other states. The latter kind may he divided into six classes :a
I. Treaties offensive and defensive. Bight on their part to elaim protection, external and internal, from the British government, llight on its part to interfere in their internal affairs.
Area in square miles.
- - 23,92a - - 27,999
- - 56,723
Area in square miles.
4. Travancore, - - 4,f73
5. Cochin, .... 1,797
II. Treaties offensive and defensive. Right on their part as above. No right on the part of the British to interfere in their internal affairs.
88,887 5,525 19,424
III. Treaties offensive and defensive. Tributary to British government, but supreme rulers in their own territory.
1. Indore, - -
2. Oudepore, or
3. Jeypore, - - - - 13,426
4. Joudpore, - - - 34,131
5. Kotah, 5,500
* Compiled for this work from Hamilton's Gazetteer and other source.?.
6. Boondee, - - a
7. Ulwur, - - -
8. Bickaneer, - a
9. Jesulmeer, - -
10. Kishengur, - a
12. Purtabur, - -
14. Keerolee, - -
- 3,294 18,059
- 1,457 2,004
15. Serowee, a - a 3,024
16. Bhurtpore, - - 1,945 17- Bhopal, - - - 6,772
18. Cutch, - - - - 7,395
19. Dhar, .... 1,465
20. Dhalpore Baree, - 1,625
21. Saugur and Bundle-
22. Savuntwaree, - 934
IV. Guarantee and protection. Subordinate co-operation. Supremacy in their own territory.
1. Ameer Khan Touk, 1,103
2. Seronge, - - - - 261
3. Neembera, - - - 269
4. Putteala, Keytal, Naba Jheend, and other protected Seik states, 16,61
V. Amity and friendship. 1. Gwalior, -
VI. Protection and right on the part of the British to control internal affairs.
7,943 J 2. Collapore,
Total area in square miles of the above native states. -Absolute British territory in India included within the Bengal, Bombay, and Madras Presidencies, - 626 745
The British have ascertained the population of their absolute territory, including the Burman provinces, to be about eighty -four miUions, and that of the states above named is probably quite as great, if not more ; making the entire number of the human family subject to British general control in India, not less than a hundred and sixty-eight millions.
The whole number of Britons in India does not exceed 50,000, of whom 30,000 belong to the army.
The standing army of the East India Company now exceeds 200,000 men, of which about 175,000 are sepoys. It has often amounted to a much larger number, and at this time is about to be enlarged, through jealousy of Russia. In January 1827, it exceeded 300,000 men, namely,
Native cavalry, - 26,094 Native infantry, or sepoj's, - - 234,412
Engineers, .... 4,575
King's troops, -
- 280,863 21,934
1664. 1691. 1696. 1750. 1763. 1757. 1761. 1765. 1776. 1781. 1787. 1792.
3815. 1816. 1818.
BRITISH TERRITORIAL POSSESSIONS,
WITH THE DATE OF THEIR ACQUISITION.
Madras, a territory five miles along shore by one inland.
Fort St David.
The Jaghire, in the Carnatic.
The twenty-four Pergunnas.
Chittagong, Burdwan, and Midnapore.
Bengal, Bahar, and four of the Northern Circars.
The Island of Salsette.
The Zemindary of Benares.
The G un too r Circar.
Malabar, Canara, Coimbatore, Dindigal, Salem, Barra-mahal, and c.
The Balaghaut ceded districts of Bellary and Cuddapah.
Territories ceded by the nabob of Oude, consisting of Rohilcund (including Bareily, Moradabad, Shahjehan-pore, and c.), the lower Doab, and the districts of Fur-ruckabad, Allahabad, Cawnpore, Goruckpore, Azing-hur, and c.
The remainder of the Carnatic, comprehending the whole of the nabob of Areot's territories.
The Dutch portion of the Island of Ceylon.
Delhi, Agra, the upper Doab Ilurriana, Saharunpore, Merut, Alighur, Etawah, Bundlecund, Cuttack, Bala-sore, Juggernaut, and c.
Cessions from the Peshwa and Guicowar in Gujerat.
Part of Nepaul, consisting of the hill country between the Sutuleje and Jumna Rivers and the districts of Gurwal and Kumaon.
The kingdom of Candy in Ceylon.
Anjar, Mandavie, and other places in Cutch.
Poona, and the whole of the Peshwa's dominions, Can-deish, Saugur, and other places in MaJwa ; Ajrneer in Rajpootana ; and Sumbhulpore, Sirgooja, Gurrah, Mundlah, and other portions of Gtmdwana.
Conquests from the Burmese, consistu lg of Assam, Cachar, Munipore, Arracan, and the Tenasserim provinces, consisting of Martaban, Ye, Tavoy, Mcr/rui, and the a4jacent