the women of the house raise the death-cry; other professional women are called to take up the cry when the relations are exhausted. Coffin-makers are sent for, and do the needful in the street opposite the house. All those who come to offer condolences, contribute to the expenses of the cremation.
After the body has been washed, and, in the case of a girl, her face decorated also, a coin is placed in the mouth. It is then wrapped in a clean white cloth and laid on an open bier in the principal room of the house and left there till the coffin is ready, which is fully two days. When the procession starts for the last obsequies, alms for the phoongies and poor are carried in front; then come nuns carrying pickled tea, pan, and betel; then the priests, followed by their pupils walking two and two. A band of music precedes the coffin borne by the friends of the deceased, and immediately behind are the relations dressed in white, which is a sign of mourning amongst Buddhists. On the arrival of the coffin at the cemetery it is placed near the funeral pyre with the priests sitting at its head, and the mourners in front of them ; the priests then recite the prayers for the dead; the chief mourner pours out water from a cup on to the cloth attached to the coffin, or, in its absence, on the ground, pronouncing at the same time after the chief priest, a Let the deceased and all present partake of the merits of the ceremonies now performing.a The assembly reply, a We will.a They then retire to a distance, the coffin is placed on the funeral pyre by those whose office it is to set fire to it. Before leaving the cemetery, the alms are distributed to the priests and to the poor, and the pickled tea and pan and betel are partaken of by all present. Three days afterwards the ashes are collected, placed in an urn, and buried.
When a high priest dies, he is embalmed and kept for a year, and then burnt with much tamasha, as the Indians would say. The whole population of the neighbouring villages turns out; many dummy coffins are made, besides the one containing the defunct, and neatly arranged in a cluster, the one containing the remains of the priest in the centre, with a funeral pyre arranged underneath, in which also there is generally some gunpowder; to this ropes are attached, and