io8 WILD SPORTS OF BURMA AND ASSAM
were found within twelve or fifteen miles of Vizianagram, but have been exterminated there.
The horns are large and moderately stout, curving well outwardsa pale, with basal antler, and a more or less branched summit; the lower branches sometimes simulating a medium tine: colour, dull yellowish-brown in winter, bright rufous-brown or chestnut in summera paler below and inside the limbs, white under the tail. The female is lighter, of a pale dun or whity-brown colour ; the young are spotted. Length, nearly 6 feet; tail, 8 to 9 inches; height, 11 to 11J hands; average length of horns, 3 feet or a little more. Fourteen or fifteen points are not uncommon ; I have shot many with eighteen, and once saw a head with twenty-seven, but many of the tines were merely excrescences. It is the one deer in India that carries a lot of fat; on hitting one I have seen balls of fat come out of the bullet-holes. I have seen them in herds of thousands in the Bhootan Terai both north and south of the Manas. The Churs of the Brahmapootra river have on them generally many of these deer. They lose their horns in September and October, and the new are not perfect till about the middle of June, though I have got good heads towards the end of May now and then. They hide in the heaviest patches of long grass during that period, and lie very close. Tigers kill very many of them. A saddle off a fat doe is not to be despised.
THE THAMINE (Cervus frontalis)
This is a very handsome deer, somewhat less in height than the swamp deer, and for their size they have very large and graceful horns. The basal antler is directed forwards and is very long, and the horns are very divergent, with terminal branches. A variety is found in Munipur; the basal antlers of the latter are longer, and form a curve with the main horn, and very often there are no terminal branches at all, even in old stags ; whereas in the Burman (except with the very young) there are always terminal branches.