ROUTE 32. MADURAaTINNEVELLY
Mudali, Minister of the Founder of the dynasty of the Nayakkas. His figure stands on the left of the entrance. He is represented sitting gracefully on a rearing horse. In the row behind him are some spirited figures of men and women, or male and female deities dancing. The Great Gopura is on the E. side about 50 yds. to the S. of the 1000-pillared Hall.
E. of the pagoda is the Pitdu Mandapam, or New Gallery, known as Tirumala's Choultrie, and built by him for the presiding deity of the place,
Plan of Tirumala's Choultrie.
Sundareshwar, who paid him a visit of 10 days annually. This, had it been finished, would have surpassed in magnificence all the other buildings of this monarch ; and as the date of its construction is known, it forms a fixed
point in the chronology of the style* The hall has four rows of pillars supporting a flat roof, and on either side of the centre corridor five pillars represent ten of the Nayakkan dynasty. Tirumala is distinguished by having a canopy over him and two figures at his back ; the figure on the left being his wife, the Princess of Tanjore. On the left of the doorway is a singular group, representing one of the Nayak s shooting a wild boar and sows, according to the legend, which says that Shiva commiserated the litter of little pigs, took them up in his arms, and assuming the shape of the sow, suckled them. A portly figure, either that of Shiva or the Nayak, is seen holding up the dozen little pigs. This Hall was erected 1623-45, and is said to have cost a million sterling.
3 m. E. of the station and N. of the Vaigai river is a fine TeppaKulam. The fashionable drive of Madura is round this tank, which is fenced with stone, and has a temple in the centre.
Great Banyan Tree.aIn the compound of the judge's house, close to the tank, is a fine specimen of the Ficus indica. The main stem lias been much mutilated, but is still 70 ft, in circumference. The ground shaded by this tree has a diameter of 180 ft. in whatever direction it is measured.
425 m. Maniyachi junc. sta. Here
the line bifurcates to Tuticorin (18 m.) and Tinnevelly. For Tuticorin see p. 371.
443 m. Tinnevelly terminus sta., on the left bank of the Tambrapurni river, and m. from it. It is 2J m. from Palamcotta. A bridge of eleven arches of 60 ft. span each, erected by Sidochenam Mudeliar, crosses the stream and connects the two places.
Tinnevelly is now the most Christian district in India. The S.P.G. and the C.M.S., estab. 1820, have important and flourishing stations here, and at Palamcotta, 3J m. distant, as have also the Jesuits. It was here that St. Francis Xavier began his preaching in India.
The Temple at Tinnevelly, though, asThe Temple at Tinnevelly, though, as