route 7. patan somnath
It rose into notice during the time of the Guzerat sultans, and in their reigns became, until superseded by Surat, the Principal port of embarkation for Mohammedan pilgrims to Mecca. It is still a flourishing little seaport. In the Tempi e Harsad Mata is a celebrated inscription (1264), recording that a Mosque was endowed in that year, and bearing dates in four different eras. It was from this inscription that it wras discovered that the Yalabhi era commenced in 319 a.d., and the Shri Sing ^a from 1113 a.d. The river Devka jWs to the N. of Yerawal, and joins Jjjie sea at a place called Dani Baru. *he Jalcshvar Temple, about 2 m.
Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and African coast. The place is renowned in Hindu mythology. It wras here the Jadavs slew each other, and here Krishna wTas shot by the Bhil. In the Gir forest, inland from Patan, is the only place in India where there are one or two separate communities of African negroes. Mali-mud of Ghazni conquered the town in 1025 a.d., and it appears that he left behind a Mohammedan Governor. Subsequently the Hindus recovered their power, but it was again cast down by Alagh Khan circa 1300 a.d., and the coast belt or Nagher kingdom conquered. From this date Mohammedan supremacy prevailed throughout
jV^- from the town, at the mouth on On Alght bank, is of great antiquity. ^ the S.W. face of Yerawal there is a stn sea - wall and an unfinished ofA?j_e pier, with a lighthouse at the end a A large Custom House has been ^ocjfc AU ^e sea face, and near it is a established on reclaimed land.
S.E n \le sea-sbore, nearly 3 m. to the Pral\Patau Somnath, also known as W Patan or Deva Patau, the
a8er^0f Marco PolA- The anchor-
that it a erawal and Patau are so bad hard to account for the un-tiuJ^f fact that from the earliest they carried on a trade with the Uiidia]
Yerawal and Patan.
the belt, and from the reign of Muhammad Tughlak regular governors were appointed. Finally, owing to the gallantry and statesmanship of Diwan Amarji, it was conquered by the Nawab of Junagadh in whose hands it remains.
About the middle of the 15th cent. Somnath (with Yerawal) had become the principal port of embarkation for Mohammedan pilgrims to the cities of Mecca and Madinah, and this lasted till it was superseded by Surat. Though it is eclipsed now as far as wealth and population are concerned, by the adjacent port of Yerawal, it is still an important town.
Proceeding from YerawTal to Patan by MProceeding from YerawTal to Patan by M