3oo BURMA,, PAST AND PRESENT
distinguishes Mahommedans from persons of other religions in Burma. The Chinese call the Panthays " Quayzse."* What they term the Mahommedans of Kansoo, I am not awareapossibly it may be Dungen or Turgen. The Mahommedans of Kansoo are said to have lately achieved their independence, and occupy that Province under a Chief named Abdool Jaffir.
The Mahommedans of Yunnan are merely a remnant, I should imagine, of the great wave of Mahommedan aggression, which under Mahomed of Ghuznee, Mahomed Ghori, and Jenghis Khan,f overran Persia, India, and a portion of Northern China : their ingress and progress in China is separately given, or accounted for by Chinese and Panthays. The Panthay account is somewhat mythical, and assumes at once the superiority of their race. The Chinese version deals less in mystery, and is more in bearing with supposed historical facts. They are as follows :a
Panthay version.aOnce upon a time, China was subjected to a plague of evil spirits, who desolated the whole country, and in fact put a stop to the regular course of nature. The sun ceased to show itself, excepting now and then, in obscure and fitful gleams ; and the land refused to produce or yield fruit in due season. During this calamitous state of affairs, the Emperor " dreamed a dream," in which a form was prominently revealed to him, in the dress of an Arab ; but indicating at the same time, every appearance of peace and friendly goodwill. Astrologers and Experts in such matters interpreted the Emperor's dream to
* This term Quayzse, the late Mr. J. W. S. Wylie, in an article on this Memorandum, published in the "Edinburgh Review," (No. cxxvii., p. 357), conjectures to be identical with Hoai-hoai, the generic term applied to the Chinese to all Mahomedans. But Dr. John Anderson, in an article published in the " Journal of the Anthropological Institute " on the same paper, correctly points out, I think, that Quayzse means a foreigner, and that Hoaizse is the term applied by the Chinese to the Panthays, and other Mahomedans independent of Chinese authority, Ho ai meaning Mahomedan, and Zse independent.
t The conquest of China by Jenghis Khan was the means, no doubt, of introducing a considerable Mahomedan population into China, particularly of the Oaijour and Turganee tribes. The former tribe had abjured Buddhism upwards of two centuries before the time of Jenghis Khan.t The conquest of China by Jenghis Khan was the means, no doubt, of introducing a considerable Mahomedan population into China, particularly of the Oaijour and Turganee tribes. The former tribe had abjured Buddhism upwards of two centuries before the time of Jenghis Khan.