3oo BURMA,, PAST AND PRESENT
1865-66, this Division has increased its population from 254,605 to 430,551, or 68 per cent., a decennial rate as high as any it had attained since its occupation.
22. The foregoing data seem to establish beyond any doubt that during the whole period of British Administration of the Provinces of Arakan, Tenasserim, and Pegu, they have, in addition to an allowed natural increase of population, far higher than we have any historical authority for supposing they ever reached under Native Rule, withdrawn and absorbed enormous numbers of people from the neighbouring Native States, which may be summarised as follows :
Into Tenasserim and Arakan, 1826 to 1855 . . 257,500 a Pegu from 1855 to 1865 . ... 561,439 a Tenasserim from 1855 to 1865 . . . 113,295
Total . . . 932234
23. Now looking to specific marks of material progress, to see whether they support the conclusions we would wish to draw, we find that in the Pegu Division during the decade 1855-56 to 1865-66, the area of assessed cultivation has increased from 539,808 to 991,102 acres, or 83 per cent. Customs from ,A56,281 to A"151,088. The total revenue from A"297,753 to
646,462 ; while the entire trade rose from A"2,143,100 to ,A7,300,224. These results fully bear out our argument that increased population and increased prosperity in a country situated and constituted as Burma is run hand in hand together.
24. Tenasserim also in the past decade has progressed satisfactorily, in accordance with the increase in its population. The assessed area has risen from 181, 681, to 273,289 acres, customs fromA"7,796 to ,A13,517. The total revenue from A"106,609 A193,566, while the entire trade has increased from ,A836,305 to A 1,712,307.
25. Arakan, on the other hand, shows the effect on her prosperity of having a British instead of a Native Administration to contend with as a neighbour. It has been indicated already that physical obstacles stand between Arakan and Upper Burma,25. Arakan, on the other hand, shows the effect on her prosperity of having a British instead of a Native Administration to contend with as a neighbour. It has been indicated already that physical obstacles stand between Arakan and Upper Burma,