BURMA,, PAST AND PRESENT
to 1855, but in 1852, the Province of Pegu, including the rich delta of the Irawadi, had been annexed to our territory, the three Provinces eventually forming British Burma ; and we have brought the older two Provinces up to 1855, because from that date a carefully prepared statement of the statistics of the whole three, provides a ready reference on all points of their material progress, as well as because in the first few years of our occupation of Pegu, the returns are necessarily not so reliable as when the Administration was completely organized.
14. Pegu came into our possession in 1852, with an estimated population of 500,000 souls, and an area of 33,400 square miles, or a ratio of 15 persons to the-square mile. In 1855 it is returned at 631,640 souls, or nearly 19 to the square mile. It will be remembered that Arakan commencing in 1826, with a ratio of 5 J persons to the square mile, had risen in 1855 to a ratio of 20 persons; and Tenasserim, from a ratio of 2\ persons in 1829, had increased to 7 persons per square mile in 1855. But it would seem that in the beginning of the century, the population of the true Burman Empire (that is, Upper Burma, as now constituted, Pegu and Martaban) was estimated by various authorities at from 20 to 23 persons the square mile, and if this were the general average, it may be concluded that the fertile Province of Pegu containing the valley of the Irawadi, with that river as the highway from the seaport town of Rangoon to Ava, the Capital of the Empire, must have had a higher rate than the remainder of the country.
15. But taking the population of Pegu at 23 persons the square mile in 1826, we can then compare the position of the territories British and Native after 29 years of mutual contact, thus :a
Native British .
! Arakan Tenasserim
. 769,120 . 100,000 70,000
Total . . 939,32o 1,274,642
* Not including foreigners.* Not including foreigners.