Rangoon and Calcutta, and sent on to England ;a but there its status was fully understood, and at once shewn to be false.
The news of Hussan's embassy having proceeded to England was carried to China, doubtless with numerous exaggerations, and the Chinese, who were even then pressing the Panthays hard, redoubled their efforts. They concentrated their forces and surrounded Talifu the capital of Yunnan. They took the city by storm and committed unutterable horrors. The Panthay dominion was crushed out with fire and sword. The embers were still smouldering when another Mission of peace and commerce was sent into Western China. Its failure has become a matter of history. The murder4'" of Mr. Margary is one of the saddest events in the story of Chinese exploration, f
* A copy of the letter of apology for the murder of Mr. Margary from the Emperor of China, and credentials of the Envoy Kuo Sung-tao on his Mission to Great Britain, dated October, 1876, is contained in the Appendix. (Appendix F.)
*t* From the experience gained in the first expedition, I believe myself that this second expedition, notwithstanding its questionable opportuneness, Would have successfully made good its way across the vast continent of China, if at the outset all the members of the Mission, including Mr. Margary, had kept together, and Colonel Horace Browne, instead of delaying, had pushed steadily on his way from Bhamo, which, I think, by patience and tact might have been safely done. Once in communication with any of the responsible officers of the Chinese Government all petty differences and opposition would have ceased ; in the same way as occurred with the former expedition, when Major Sladen had succeeded in placing himself in direct intercourse with the Panthay Governor of Momein.
The Mission had certainly not the difficulties to contend with at first as the previous one had, and there appears to me to have been no adequate cause forThe Mission had certainly not the difficulties to contend with at first as the previous one had, and there appears to me to have been no adequate cause for