OUR TUP TO BURMAH.
most required to enable one to read, there the glimmer is faint; wherever the congregation is not, there they flare in full illumination. The performances are in keeping with the surroundings, and savour terribly of leather and prunella. Someain fact, the greater number of doctrines enunciated by the principal performeracarry with them violations of physi-ology to an extent hardly equalled by those taught by priests of Guadama. Nor are the modest, unpretending lights upon the altars of Sholay pagoda to be compared with those that flare upon the shrine of the Western poonghye.
Good old Dr. Mason* tells us something about the connection there is between the emblem that is so profusely distributed in the church just visited, and the country in which we now are. He points out that, between the years 125 and 100 B.C., the Bactrian kingdom, which soon after the departure of Alexander from India had declared its independence, fell into the hands of the Tartar chieftain Kadaphes. About the same time the Tartars destroyed the city of Tagoung on the Irawaddy athat being the earliest city established by the Burmese. The successor of Kadaphes had coins struck, upon which, among other things, was a figure of his majesty seated upon the back of the double-humped Bactrian camel, holding in his hand, over the head of the animal, a large cross; so that, as he reigned some ninety or a hundred years before our era, the emblem was of course antecedent thereto also. But its use dates still further back. It is represented upon Egyptian monuments of a period more than a thousand years before our era; it is found upon slabs excavated from the ruins of Nineveh; and among the ancient Scythians was considered to represent victory. Among the ancient Persians, Carthaginians, Romans, and Germans, it was used as an implement of punishment. In the temple of Serapis it is an emblem of the future life. It seems, moreover, to have had sundry meanings in ancient times; being variously represented as the phallus, as Venus, and as emblematical of the four seasons.
* Burmah,a page 38, edition of I860.* Burmah,a page 38, edition of I860.