Field and Tuer, the Leadenhall Press : Simpkin, Marshall,
Text on page 21
UPPER BURMA. 21A
subdivided into circles or taiks, the smaller subdivisions or village tracts being known as yumas. Each district has its Myo-woon or governor, under whom is a Myo-thoo-gyee ; while each taik has a Taik-thoo-gyee, each village its own local official, and over small clusters of houses there are goungs, or headmen. All, with the exception of these last, though really appointed for the collection of revenue, participate in the administration of justice and share in the perquisites derivable under that head. The present King of Burmah has become infamous through his many massacres, and the weak and shameless manner in which he has allowed every endeavour to establish a Government of order to be thwarted by palace intrigues, excited by evil and ambitious women, and resulting in the estrangement of his foreign neighbours, and in the utmost abhorrence and terror among his own people. The last massacre was a crowning act of ferocity and folly.
As none of the officers connected with the judicial or fiscal administration of the country receive any salary, they are chartered oppressors ofAs none of the officers connected with the judicial or fiscal administration of the country receive any salary, they are chartered oppressors of