Field and Tuer, the Leadenhall Press : Simpkin, Marshall,
Text on page 7
UPPER BURMA. 7A
upper hand. Some forty years ago the last of these terrible paroxysms died away, principally from exhaustion, and left us the political arrangement of Indo-China,anamely, Burma, Siam, and Cochin-Chinaawhich until recently has held good. Everything goes to prove that the country was at one time very densely peopled, and the enormous cities and vast populations and armies depicted by Pinto the Mendacious are by no means vulgar fabrications. Proofs are being gradually brought to light in support of many of his statements. The indigenous inhabitants consist chiefly of Burmese and Shans; but Khyens, Kakhyens, Kathays, Yinnees, Yinnets, Yinbans, Karens, Paloungs, and other tribes are met with ; as well as Chinese and natives of India, who have settled in the towns. There are very few countries in the wrorld where a greater diversity of race will be met with than in Burma, but the Mongoloid element predominates, and it appears under very numerous forms.
The prevailing religion of the Burmese and Shans is Buddhism mixed with Shamanism. AThe prevailing religion of the Burmese and Shans is Buddhism mixed with Shamanism. A