Field and Tuer, the Leadenhall Press : Simpkin, Marshall,
Text on page 2
2 6 BURMA AND THE BURMANS.
Forbes. Latter-day civilians and military men have done little to increase our knowledge.
The empire of Burma, at the time of our first war, 1824-26, comprised Burma proper, the principality of Mogoung, or Northern Shan states, Assam, Cachar, Manipur, Pegu, Arakan, and Tenasserim, and had tributary to it the Eastern or Burmese Shan states. In 1754 Burma had thrown off the yoke of Pegu, which it had worn since 1740. It annexed Mogoung in 1755, Pegu in 1757, Tenasserim in 1759, Manipur in 1774, Cachar in 1774, Arakan in 1784, and Assam in 1818.
Arakan and Tenasserim were annexed by the English ; and Assam, Cachar, and Manipur made independent in 1826. Pegu was declared part of the British dominions in 1852. Since then the Northern Shan states, as far south as Maingna, in 250 25' N. lat., the Burmese Shan states, and a portion of the country east of the Chin-dweng, or western branch of the Irrawaddy river, have refused to pay tribute, and are now practically free.
Upper Burma, or Burma proper, may be said to lie compressed in the upper valley of the Irra-Upper Burma, or Burma proper, may be said to lie compressed in the upper valley of the Irra-