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FORESTS AND FLORA [ch. ix
where. On many mountain sides and upland plateaux are wild growths of temperate climes, oaks, yews, chestnuts, walnuts, crab-apples, pears, cherries, oranges, lemons, citrons, mulberries, figs, peaches, strawberries, roses, ivy, mistletoe and holly.
Lichens, mosses, and ferns abound. Of flowering plants, over 700 species are enumerated by General Collett, principally in the Shan States; among them Ranunculus, Clematis, Viola, Swertia, bushy Lespedeza, large flowering Asters, and showy Ipomoea. Of special note are Schinia Wallichii, with wThite camellia-like flowers; the wonderful Rosa gigantea, a particularly conspicuous, climbing over tall forest trees, from the top of which the long pendent branches, covered with very large white flowers, hang down in rich profusiona ; Lonicera Hildebrandiana, a a conspicuous shrub with large, dark, glossy leaves and fine crimson flowers, seven inches long, and by far the largest of any known species of honeysucklea ; a tall Lespedeza Pranii, bearing a large dense panicles of fine blue flowersa ; Codonopsis convolvulacea, with a beautiful dark blue con-volvulus-like flowersa ; Ipomoea nana, with flowers a large of a beautiful deep purplea ; Colquhounia elegans, most beautiful of Labiatae with dark red and pale salmon-coloured flowers1.
Anemone, mimosa, geranium, delphinium, magnolia, gardenia, campanula, prifnula, jasmine, gentians, lilies, also adorn this Paradise.
1 General Collett. Journal of the Linnaean Society, xxviii.