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ii4 ADMINISTRATION [ch.
pensaries, slaughter-houses, sanitation, roads, and waterways. They will impose taxation for local purposes.
Most districts are partitioned into sub-divisions and these again into townships. Many of the sub-divisional and practically all the township officers (Myo-oks) are natives of
Fig. 46. A Myo-thugyi.
the country, the great majority of Burmese race. Formerly there was a further territorial division; in Lower Burma, the circle (taik), in Upper Burma, the myo, each an aggregate of village areas under a Taik-thugyi or a Myo-thugyi respectively. These have for the most part disappeared, and the territorial unit is now the village. Consistent efforts have been made to preserve and strengthen the