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Gaudama Buddha, which still stands at Mandalay in the Arakan pagoda1. His successor, Bagyidaw, annexed Assam (1821). This year saw the height of Burmese prosperity under the House of Alaungpaya.
Soon afterwards, Burmese incursions into Chittagong brought about a conflict with the Indian Government and caused the First Burmese War (1824). The Burmans put up a stout resistance. Rangoon was occupied by General
Fig. 43. Burmese cannon.
Sir Archibald Campbell about the middle of 1824. Later in the year a large force under Maha Bandula made a determined but unsuccessful attack on the town and suburbs. Next year (1825), two British columns moved up the river and Bandula was defeated and slain at Danubyu. The war was ended by a Treaty concluded at Yandabo, not far below Ava, by which Assam, Manipur, Arakan and
1 This image is said to have been cast in the reign of Chanda Surya, King of Arakan, who came to the throne in 146 a.d.