36 A. BURMESE ENCHANTMENT.
on a boulder standing, in winter, high above water. But in the Rains when the Chindwin river rises, a fearful whirlpool sets up in this bend. It is about a mile broad. The tumult, when the water gradually rises to the very foot of the pagoda, defies description. Logs swirl madly round and round and occasionally leap perpendicularly to the surface.
The Chaik Htee Yo is another curious pagoda. It stands on a big balancing rock. The legend is that the rock does not really rest on the earth, but floats above it, and that a thread can be passed under it. In ancient times it is said that the Karens tried to pull the pagoda down, because it attracted so many strangers to their country. But while they were shouting over the impious work of demolition, they were all turned into monkeys. The monkeys there still have that peculiar cry of the workmen.
The Burmese pagoda has been derived from the round, hemispherical stupa of ancient India, of which the Sanchi Tope is the prototype. In early days there was continual communication with India. The link between the stupa of ancient India and the pagoda of modern Burma is to be found in the elongated hemispherical pagodas of Prome, such as the Bodawgyi, which is fourth century. The subsequent development is easy to trace. There followed a " bulbous " type like the Bu Paya1 of Pugan, in the seventh century. The eleventh
1 Bu Paya means ' dumpy pagoda.'1 Bu Paya means ' dumpy pagoda.'