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Text on page 73
PHYSICAL 'FEATURES, GEOLOGY, and c.
But to return to the sketch of these hills. A few buffaloes are occasionally seen, and used for ploughing in the more level spots, but they are far from being plentiful. They are not unfrequently stolen from the plains as offerings for the nts, and secreted on some retired spot till they are required. Each village usually owns a few Shan ponies, and sometimes a mule or two, either stolen from the Shan-Burmese, or purchased in the neighbouring valleys ; for the Kakhyens never attempt to breed any other animals besides pigs, fowls, and ducks. A small goat, with long fine hair, and flat spiral horns directed backwards, and somewhat resembling those of the marhhor, is not unfrequent ; a good breed of dog, usually black, with pointed ears and the tail curled over the back, is of rare occurrence. Every village owns a few black or piebald pigs of moderate size, but they cannot be. said to be plentiful.
The majority of the observations on the climate were made at an elevation of 3,185 feet, at the village of Ponsee, in the heart of the Kakhyen hills. The most important extended over the months of March, April, and part of May, and the mean temperatures of the three months were as follow :a
Dry Bulb Thermometer.
March ... 7 a.m., 60 6 4 p.m., 73*4 9 p.m., 58*9 Maximum, 793 Minimum, 53'6 April ... a 64-7 a 79-2 a 62*8 a 82*9 a 68.2
May ... a 667 a 817 a 635 a 86 3 a 609
Wet Bulb Thermometer.
March ... 7 a.m., 57*2 4 p.m., 67*8 9 p.m., 56*6 Maximum, 76*2 Minimum, 51*6 April ... a 63*3 a 704 a 602 a 74*9 a 56'6 May ... a 62*5 a 716 a 618 a 79*6 a 58'
Mean Dew pointaMarch 54*4 ; April 60'5 ; May 61-30.
In March, the general direction of the wind, up to sun-down, was usually south-west or west-south-west, but at sunset it almost invariably changed to the north-west, when we found a fire requisite to our comfort. There can be little doubt that these cold currents of air which roll down the valleys of the Kakhyen hills to the plain of the Irawady explain the frequent, almost daily occurrence of morning mists in the latter locality, throughout the cold weather. During the day the sky was generally cloudless, and the air clear and bracing. Rain fell only on four occasions in March, either over the night or in early morning. In April, the north wind which set in at night, usually lasted till morning, when it changed to the north-east, with a south-westerly