Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing,
Text on page 93
PHYSICAL FEATURES^ GEOLOGY, and c.
however, is the galena, and Dr. Oldham has assayed a specimen which he has pronounced to be wondrously rich, among the richest in silver he has ever known, and he informs me that the average percentage of silver in galena is 0*01 up to 0*05ararely beyond this, although some ores have yielded so much as 7 per cent. The Khyto ore yields 0*278 per cent, of silver in the galena, and 104 ounces of silver to the ton of lead. The following table shows its position with reference to the galena of the following well known mines :a
a Gold is brought to Momien from Yonephin and Sherzwan, villages 15 days to the north-east, but I have no information as to whether it is found in any quantity. The precious metal is also brought to Momien in leaf, and imported to Burmah, where it is extensively used in the decorations of pagodas, khyoungs, and images of Bhudda.
Rice is the staple crop of the Nantin, Hawshuenshan, and Momien valleys, but wheat and barley are also grown, but in larger quantities in the country to the east of Momien, and specially in the neighbourhood of Talifoo. The forests in the Talifoo district have been described to me as almost exclusively composed of pines, and the winter is said to be severe. Potatoes appear to be largely cultivated in Western Yunan, and many fields were devoted to them about Momien, where they are reared and planted out in the same way as in England. They were quite as good as English potatoes, and in great vogue among the Chinese, and 3|Rs. are sold for four pence. The leaf is slightly smaller than the home plant, and the tubers have a thin red skin. They had nearly finished flowering by the beginning of June. Nothing could be learned regarding the history of their introduction. Celery is also largely cultivated, and seems to be in general requisition. The remaining vegetables are carrots, peas, beans, and cabbage ; and the fruits are pomegranates, apples, pears, grapes, walnuts, peaches, apricots, and plums, a variety of brambles, and rose hips. Neither tea nor tobacco are cultivated in the Momien valley, but opium is extensively grown all over the province, and sells in the bazaar at Us. 10 to Rs. 12 for 3|IBs.
The Momien cattle have no hump, and are rather a small breed but well made, and generally reddish-brown, passing through intermediate darker tints to black. Buffaloes are also common, and chiefly used for
Hartz galena .,. English a ...
.. 0'03 to 0*05
.. 0-02 to 0-03
.. 0-03 to 0-06
... 0*32 to 0-72
Scotch (Lead hills) Tuscany
Kakhyen hills Khyto (Yunan)
.. 0-278.. 0-278