Bournemouth [England] : London:
F.J. Bright and Son ; Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Co., Ltd,
Text on page 255
MANDALAY CITY OR FORT DUFFERIN. 255
Close to the masonry traverse of each gate is a massive teak post, with an inscription in gilt, recording the name of the gate and the date of its erection. By the King's officers the gates were known tjy the following names :a
The small masonry house outside each gate and at the four corners are called nat-sin, and contain figures of belis, or ogres, whose duty it is to guard the city from evil of all kinds.
The common report that human victims were interred alive at the gates and corners of the city wall is untrue. The custom is allowed, but in the case of Mandalay was not carried out. Jars containing oil were buried at each of the four corners according to custom.
The roads inside Fort Dufferin run parallel to the city walls, so that, standing at one gate the other can be seen at a distance of a mile and a quarter away. The palace of course intercepts the view from each of the four gates which are now in use. In the king's time the royal city presented a very different appearance from what it does at the present time. Then, the whole of what is now the cantonments and the civil lines was covered with the houses of ministers and their attendant followers. One of the first things done after the occupation by the British in 1885 was to remove all these to sites on the south side, beyond the city wall. Special officers were appointed to carry out these arrangements ; land was granted in lieu of that vacated, and compensation paid for loss and damage to property on removal.
At the present time the only Burmese houses inside the fort are those of U-Gaung, the Kin Wn Mingyi, or Chief Minister to the late king, and the Taung-kwin Mingyi. The latter died about two years ago, but his family still occupy the house.
North Gate South Gate East Gate West Gate South-west Gate