by Brigadier-General MacBean) was led by the light company of Her Majesty's 5ith Foot, 4 companies 2nd Light Infantry, light companies 10th and 16th Madras Native Infantry, Rifle Company and Mug levy, and H companies 16th Madras Native Infantry. The attempt to escalade failed in consequence of the steepness of the ascent and the well-directed fire and incessant rain of stones of the enemy. After a fruitless struggle, in which the sepoys and Europeans vied with each other in the display of cool determined courage, every officer being disabled, the troops were recalled.
A nearer observation of the enemy's defences showed that an attack on their right, as the key to the position, whilst their attention should be drawn by a continued fire to their front, was more likely to succeed.
Accordingly the 30th March was spent in the construction of a battery to play especially on the works commanding the pass; and on the 31st at daylight the guns opened and maintained during the day a heavy cannonade, which had the effect of checking, though not silencing, the enemy's fire. At 8 p.m. Brigadier Richards moved off witha
6 companies Her Majesty's 44th Foot.
3 companies Her Majesty's 26th Native Infantry.
3 companies Her Majesty's 49th Native Infantry.
30 sailors under Lieutenant Armstrong.
30 dismounted troopers.
The hill was nearly 500 feet high, and the road by which the party ascended was winding and precipitous. A few minutes after 11 p.m. the Burmans discovered the advance ; the whole camp was on foot in a moment. A yell from the Burmans was answered by a sharp fire for a very short period, and the point was gained.
On the next morning as soon as a 6-pounder, which had been got up the hill with some difficulty, had been brought to bear upon the enemy, Brigadier Richards advanced to the attack of the enemy on the adjacent heights, whilst a simultaneous movement under Brigadier-General MacBean was directed against the pass from below. The enemy, apparently panic-stricken, abandoned the hills after a feeble resistance, and the capital of Arakan was captured. Arakan stands on a plain, generally of rocky ground, surrounded by hills and traversed by a narrow tidal nala, towards which there is a prevailing slope. On the northern face another nala intervenes between the wall of the fort and the hills, and both these streams unite a little below the Baboo Dong hill. The space on which the town stands is nearly square, and the hills, allowing fAf * natural roughness of outline, are nearly rectilinear ; here and there a fetf detached and separate little eminences are sprinkled about the plain. The fort stands in the north-west corner of this space, and consists of three concentric walls, with intervening spaces between the third and second and the second and injier walls, which form the citadel; These walls are of considerable thickness and extent, constructed with large stones.
Two of the four provinces of Arakan were thus cleared of the enemy, and Ramree occupied, 22nd March Lieutenant-Colonel Hampton, who commanded 1825. at Cheduba, determined to undertake the reduction
of Ramree with a few of Her Majesty's 54th and European artillerymen, 52A men of the 40th Native Infantry, and the sailors and marines of the frigate-Owing to the treachery of the guides, who led the party into the jungle far toe the stockade, the expedition was a failure. A detachment was now Ben against Ramree and Sandoway; but on arriving near Ramree they informed that the Burmans had evacuated the place. It was occupied withou* opposition on the 22nd.of Ramree with a few of Her Majesty's 54th and European artillerymen, 52A men of the 40th Native Infantry, and the sailors and marines of the frigate-Owing to the treachery of the guides, who led the party into the jungle far A toe the stockade, the expedition was a failure. A detachment was now Ben against Ramree and Sandoway; but on arriving near Ramree they informed that the Burmans had evacuated the place. It was occupied withou* opposition on the 22nd.