gervice. Mout-shobo, Madeya, Aloung-myo, Dibayen, and Kunni-myo, are the most important of these districts. Though their fighting men are an undisciplined rabble, they are looked upon by the Burmans themselves as amon" their best and bravest soldiers. They have always been noted for their attach^ ment to the present race of kings. The Burmese inhabitants of Amarapoora and Sagaing would prove equally loyal.
The military organisation, as far as it goes, is as follows. The soldiers are formed into bodies of 500, two such bodies being associated together in a manner similar to the union of two battalions in one regiment, one body being termed the " North/' and the other the " South/' " five hundred. "
The officers with the permanent force are very inferior in point of qualification. They are as under :a
Officers to a battalion.
1 bo-gyee, or commandant. 5 bos, or centurions.
10 captains of 50 " thwe-thouk-gyees. " 50 sergeants.
The above numbers are from the Mandalay Gazette of 1879, and from the same authority I give the following enumeration of the troops in and about Mandalay in 1870 :a
In fan try.
# 5 "inner " regiments, average numbers ... 1,020 = 5 100
f 3 " outer " regiments a ... i^m = 3,800
% 11 battalions a ### 395 _ 4^45
5 regiments, each probably numbering ... 500 = 2 500
The bo-gyees and bos only seem to hold a position analogous to that of our commissioned officers.
As before stated, there is no distinction amongst the Burmans between the civil and military services. This is an essentially Mongol usage, and treasurers and magistrates are expected to be as well qualified for the command of armies as for the discharge of their civil duties.
A description of an army supposed to number 60,000 men is given by Itfajor Snodgrass, which may be here inserted, as explaining the possible results, even at the present day, of an order for mobilisation :a" The musketeers were estimated at 35,000. Great numbers were armed with jingalsaa most annoying piece carrying a ball of from 6 to 12 ounces, and mounted on a carriage
* Of these, 3 had " North " and " South " battalions, or wings, varying in strength from 350 to 850 each.
f Tbe wings of these are termed 'right' and 'left,'
J Termed ' miscellaneous/J Termed ' miscellaneous/