Route No. 8aconcld. From Bhamo to Momienaconcld.
Names of Stages.
10. Momien acontd.
over the grassy hills round a lofty hill crowned by a white pagoda. In front lies the valley of Momien shut in on all sides by rounded hills, treeless, but covered with pasture.
"The hills seem to slope almost to the walls of the city in the centre. To the right rise the Deebay range ; beyond which lies the road to Tali-fu ; and in the far distance the lofty Tayshan range running north and south. A long narrow valley stretching in a northerly direction marks the course of the Taho from its source in the Sin-hai or Pai-hai watershed, 60 miles distant."
The city of Momien, 5,000 feet above the sea, shows from its plan and construction that it was built as a fortress. It occupies an area of 5 furlongs square, enclosed by a strongly-built crenellated stone wall 25 feet high. Twenty yards from the walls a steep moat once surrounded the city, but has degenerated into a broad puddle. The masonry is admirable.
Inside the wall an earthen rampart, about 30 feet wide and 18 feet high, serves as a battery and parade-ground. There are no bastions, but at intervals turrets rise from the rampart built of burnt bricks. The four gateways, with substantial bridges spanning the moat, are lofty and well built.
FromaBhamo (via the Nanthabet Stream) Territory.-aBurma.
Route No. 9.
ToaMomien and Talay.
Authority.aCaptain Stroyer (Mandalay iary, 6th December 1871).
Names of Stages.
2. Nanthabet ...
The town of Mogoung is some distance up the creek of that name.
First defile of Irrawaddy, 43 miles long, practicable in dry weather ; in some parts 200 feet water. A few rocks (the Bashao, the Tsin, the Kirma), which could easily be removed, render the passage dangerous during the rains. Boats cannot pass in July owing to rush of water.
A little above the Mogoung creek, the Nanthabet creek enters the Irrawaddy from the north-east. Not very far from the mouth is the village or small town of Nanthabet, and this is the place from which a route passes across the hills winding round to the town of Oosson. Captain Strover thinks that steamers could navigate the Nanthabet creek quite up to the town.
The good-sized and well fortified Panthay town of Oosson is situated on hilly land, and contains some 600 fighting men, Panthays and Chinese. From it roads branch off to Momien and Talay. The road to the former place is said to be open, but there is a Chinese town, about one day's journey off, containing about 1,000 people.
There is a road direct from Thansa to Momien. The journey to Oosson from Nanthabet, if properly pursued, should take seven o eight days. The road appears to pass Thansa (marked Sansit on some maps). _