Route No. 8acontd. From Bhamo to Momienacontd.
Names of Stages. A Inter-lediate. Total. Rivers. Remarks.
7. Sanda or Tsanda. Mountain stream fl owi n g into Taping (bridged). Route lies in north-east direction along the undulating right hank of Taping. Road-making only attempted at intervals, but track, though narrow, tolerable ; cross mountain streams flowing into Taping by substantial granite bridges. At distance of one mile from Man-wyne pass village of Onhu or Nyoun-ghu belonging to the chief of Manhbo. Half way between Manwyne and Sanda, road passes through Karu-hokah, the chief Chinese market-town in the valley. The bazaar is a mere broad road flanked by Chinese shops on either side. From here the road leaves for a time its mid-valley course, turns northward, and continues so, as far as Sanda. The town of banda or (as in maps) Santa-fu is poor and insignificant ; it occupies the end of a ridge in a northerly bend of the valley, a mile and a half from the Taping. The remains of a thick loopholed wall enclose an irregular square about 600 yards in extent, on which are scattered 800 or 1,000 houses with a population of 4,000 or 5,000. Length of march, from morning till 5 p.m.
8. Muangla ... 75 Nam Sanda (fordable). Taping (fordable). Taho (fordable). The road follows the embankment of paddy-fields across the entrance to the high steep glen, down which flows the Nam Sanda stream, which can be forded. A low red spur from the north-east range nearly meeting another from the opposite side here confines the Taping to a deep narrow channel and divides the valley into two basins, one of Sanda and one of Muangla. Cross spur and ford small stream. The Muangla valley is a repetition of that of Sanda, with the same direction and flanked by similar parallel heights until the head of the basin is reached. The valley as it were bifurcates ; down the northerly division the main stream of the Taping flows from the north-east through a fine valley shut off from the Muangla basin by an intervening range of grassy hills. A large affluent, called the Taho or Sen-cha-ho, comes from east-north-east between the high hills which appear to bound the valley in front, but opening further on enclose the valley of Nantin. Numerous villages were found. Near the head of the valley the Taping, even now 100 yards wide, runs nearly across it from one side to the other. Ford at the village of Taman. Crossing a slightly elevated flat Peninsula on the left bank (and above the junction of the rivers) covered with villages, the road is crossed by the Taho flowing in broken streams in an old channel, a mile wide, between lofty banks. A great portion of level ground is covered with rice-fields ; cross channel and ascend old river bank to Muangla, or Mynila, nearly 90 miles from Bhamo, which stands on a high slope on the left bank of the Taping, enclosed by a loopholed brick wall 9 feet high, with watch towers which overhang the walls at intervals. With the exception of the main bazaar street, tbe various roadways are mere lanes, paved with boulders. It contains, including Zubarh, about 1,200 houses. The population, according to Anderson, is 2,000, while Sladen fixes it from 8,000 to 10,000. Length of march, from late in morning to 3 p.m.
9. Santin 109 Leaving Muangla cross the muddy flat of the Taho, when the valley contracts to a breadth of only 2 miles. Pass the village of Nah-low ; thence proceed over undulating boggy ground ; then descend about 85 feet to the bed of the Taho in a long oval basin covered with gravel and boulders and closed in on the sides by grassy hills. At9. Santin 109 Leaving Muangla cross the muddy flat of the Taho, when the valley contracts to a breadth of only 2 miles. Pass the village of Nah-low ; thence proceed over undulating boggy ground ; then descend about 85 feet to the bed of the Taho in a long oval basin covered with gravel and boulders and closed in on the sides by grassy hills. At