The men do little or no manual labour, and their time is chiefly spent in pandering from hamlet to hamlet among their friends, smoking opium and anting shamshee.
The weapons of a Kachin are his dh, spear, matchlock, cross-bow, w and poisoned arrows. The spear is thrown with
* unerring aim.
. When a Kachin dies, the fact is announced to the neighbouring villages 7 the firing of guns, at which signal the people repair to the house of the % e^eased. There is much feasting and drinking ; a small piece of money is put W* the deceased's mouth ; the body is dressed in its best clothes and buried. Their language is monosyllabic, and is spoken in an undulating tone, t^ each sentence terminating in a high key. They
guag a have no written language.
They have a very imperfect idea of the deity, their worship being con-. fined to a species of demonology or nat worship.
. glAn* Slavery is prevalent among the Kachins, the
aveA being generally stolen in youth from some adjacent village. ^ The Kachins are governed by chiefs or Tsaubwas, which liave each a hill a district from which they derive their title and name. They have absolute but do not seem to use it oppressively. The chiefs have subordinates Panmines, who advise and assist the Tsaubwas. They are generally ^rom among the headmen of the district and elders of the people. *he Lee-saws are an uncivilised tribe, occurring on the hills about the Hotha Lee-saws and Sanda valleys, and appear to be the same
y * people as the Leisus on the northern extremity of
H an* They live in villages of their own apart from Kachins, who regard VA* as an inferior race. They are a small hill people, with fair, round, flat high cheek bones, and a slight obliquity of eye. The dress of the tmSf11 resemWes the costume of the Chinese Shans, with the exception of the ^ ban, which is made of coarse white cloth, patched with blue squares and ip^med with cowries. One end is allowed to hang down the back of the neck.
Wear c^ose fitting leggings, made of squares of blue and white cloth, in aJj^0^13^011 rattan, bamboo, and straw hoops round the loins and neck, WA 10n necklaces of large blue beads and large brass earrings. Their a s^rone resemblance to the Burmese, and it is therefore prob-^t both are sprung from one stock. ^ the I are some tke clans of the Kachin between Momien
Karas. Nurans. Kakoos.
rv . Lakones. Atsees. Tsingwas.
^ ^ Hills near Sanda-
Lakones. Laphais. Cowries.
Murrows. Moulas. Lasangs.
Mumuts. Yoyins. Mimsahs.
Th^n^ atAut Hotha are the Khanffs-ftbout i ^ans OT Khan-lungs are found on both banks of the Irrawaddy
^WriV aWe Bhamo. Latham in his work on descriptive ethnology, after
^e various tribes inhabiting Burma, says : " Most of the tribes
0l^Uarv t*6 notking lose but their pagan creed before they become
0din*ry jj****** a little ruder perhaps than their fellows of Ava, but still0A din*ry jj****** a little ruder perhaps than their fellows of Ava, but still